A Review of Biotic Interactions and Taxon Names Found in globalbioticinteractions/msb-para

by Nomer and Elton, two naive review bots

[email protected]

https://globalbioticinteractions.org/contribute

https://github.com/globalbioticinteractions/msb-para/issues

2024-04-17

Abstract

Life on Earth is sustained by complex interactions between organisms and their environment. These biotic interactions can be captured in datasets and published digitally. We present a review process of such an openly accessible digital interactions dataset of known origin, and discuss its outcome. The dataset under review, named globalbioticinteractions/msb-para, is 4.04GiB in size and contains 90,354 interaction with 4 unique types of associations (e.g., parasiteOf) between 1,001 primary taxon (e.g., Acari) and 4,185 associated taxon (e.g., Dipodomys merriami). The report includes detailed summaries of interactions data as well as a taxonomic review from multiple catalogs.

Introduction

Data Review

Data review can be a time consuming process, especially when done manually. This review report aims to help facilitate data review of species interaction claims made in datasets registered with Global Biotic Interactions (Poelen, Simons, and Mungall 2014). The review includes summary statistics of, and observations about, the dataset under review:

MSB Parasite Collection (Arctos) http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/archive.do?r=msb_para 2024-04-13T03:45:11.139Z 8ee25ac69bf09a8c8f137627ab4df18de319513e115f21c8399a9971a39d1141

For additional metadata related to this dataset, please visit https://github.com/globalbioticinteractions/msb-para and inspect associated metadata files including, but not limited to, README.md, eml.xml, and/or globi.json.

Methods

The review is performed through programmatic scripts that leverage tools like Preston, Elton, Nomer combined with third-party tools like grep, mlr, tail and head.

Tools used in this review process
tool name version
elton 0.13.2
nomer 0.5.7
mlr 6.0.0
pandoc 3.1.6.1

The review process can be described in the form of the script below 1.

# get versioned copy of the dataset (size approx. 4.04GiB) under review 
elton pull globalbioticinteractions/msb-para

# generate review notes
elton review globalbioticinteractions/msb-para\
 > review.tsv

# export indexed interaction records
elton interactions globalbioticinteractions/msb-para\
 > interactions.tsv

# export names and align them with the Catalogue of Life using Nomer 
elton names globalbioticinteractions/msb-para\
 | nomer append col\
 > name-alignment.tsv

or visually, in a process diagram.

review origin dataset origin elton Elton (a naive review bot) elton->origin pull (1) interactions indexed interactions elton->interactions generates (2) alignment name alignments nomer Nomer (a naive review bot) nomer->interactions extract names (3) nomer->alignment generates (5) catalog name catalog nomer->catalog uses (4)

You can find a recent copy of the full review script at check-data.sh.

Results

In the following sections, the results of the review are summarized 2. Then, links to the detailed review reports are provided.

Biotic Interactions

model primaryTaxon Primary Taxon associatedTaxon Associated Taxon primaryOrganism Primary Organism primaryOrganism->primaryTaxon classifiedAs associatedOrganism Associated Organism primaryOrganism->associatedOrganism interactsWith associatedOrganism->associatedTaxon classifiedAs

In this review, biotic interactions (or biotic associations) are modeled as a primary (aka subject, source) organism interacting with an associate (aka object, target) organism. The dataset under review classified the primary/associate organisms with specific taxa. The primary and associate organisms The kind of interaction is documented as an interaction type.

The dataset under review, named globalbioticinteractions/msb-para, is 4.04GiB in size and contains 90,354 interaction with 4 unique types of associations (e.g., parasiteOf) between 1,001 primary taxon (e.g., Acari) and 4,185 associated taxon (e.g., Dipodomys merriami).

An exhaustive list of indexed interaction claims can be found in csv and tsv archives. To facilitate discovery, the first 500 claims available on the html page at indexed-interactions.html are shown below.

The exhaustive list was used to create the following data summaries below.

Sample of Indexed Interaction Claims
sourceTaxonName interactionTypeName targetTaxonName referenceCitation
Paragordius varius hasHost Physa acuta http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Para:24564
Arostrilepis kontrimavichusi hasHost Clethrionomys californicus http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Para:24566
Cestoda parasiteOf Myodes rutilus http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Para:24499
Scaphiostomum pancreaticum hasHost Tamias triatus http://arctos.database.museum/guid/MSB:Para:24926
Most Frequently Mentioned Interaction Types (up to 20 most frequent)
interactionTypeName count
parasiteOf 47316
hasHost 42967
interactsWith 46
hasParasite 26
Most Frequently Mentioned Primary Taxa (up to 20 most frequent)
sourceTaxonName count
Acari 9473
Siphonaptera 6438
Cestoda 4921
Taenia 3653
Nematoda 3649
Toxascaris 3408
Echinococcus multilocularis 3050
Ixodida 2956
Phthiraptera 2206
Echinococcus 1678
Arthropoda 1619
Mastophorus dipodomis 1557
Polyplax borealis 1480
Heteromyoxyuris deserti 1417
Uncinaria 1317
Trematoda 1063
Eimeria chobotari 940
Trichinella 863
Ascarididae 843
Most Frequently Mentioned Associate Taxa (up to 20 most frequent)
targetTaxonName count
Dipodomys merriami 5395
Myodes rutilus 4628
Alopex lagopus 4426
Alopex 3973
Microtus oeconomus 2887
Aythya affinis 2423
Peromyscus maniculatus 2386
Dipodomys ordii 2062
Microtus pennsylvanicus 1897
Sorex cinereus 1526
Peromyscus truei 1483
Neotoma albigula 1229
Dipodomys spectabilis 1105
Microtus 1054
Myodes gapperi 1048
Onychomys leucogaster 973
Peromyscus keeni 957
Apodemus peninsulae 944
Perognathus flavus 917
Most Frequent Interactions between Primary and Associate Taxa (up to 20 most frequent)
sourceTaxonName interactionTypeName targetTaxonName count
Taenia parasiteOf Alopex lagopus 1303
Taenia hasHost Alopex 1206
Toxascaris hasHost Alopex 1177
Toxascaris parasiteOf Alopex lagopus 1049
Echinococcus multilocularis hasHost Alopex 721
Polyplax borealis parasiteOf Myodes rutilus 662
Polyplax borealis hasHost Myodes rutilus 662
Echinococcus multilocularis parasiteOf Alopex lagopus 574
Echinococcus multilocularis parasiteOf Microtus oeconomus 514
Acari parasiteOf Sorex cinereus 508
Acari hasHost Sorex cinereus 490
Echinococcus parasiteOf Alopex lagopus 471
Mastophorus dipodomis hasHost Dipodomys merriami 454
Uncinaria hasHost Alopex 451
Eimeria chobotari hasHost Dipodomys merriami 450
Mastophorus dipodomis parasiteOf Dipodomys merriami 440
Eimeria chobotari parasiteOf Dipodomys merriami 429
Uncinaria parasiteOf Alopex lagopus 415
Siphonaptera hasHost Peromyscus maniculatus 382

Interaction Networks

The figures below provide a graph view on the dataset under review. The first shows a summary network on the kingdom level, and the second shows how interactions on the family level. It is important to note that both network graphs were first aligned taxonomically using the Catalogue of Life. Please refer to the original (or verbatim) taxonomic names for a more original view on the interaction data.

interactions Animalia Animalia Animalia->Animalia Animalia->Animalia Animalia->Animalia Animalia->Animalia Fungi Fungi Animalia->Fungi Animalia->Fungi Plantae Plantae Animalia->Plantae Plantae->Animalia Plantae->Animalia Chromista Chromista Chromista->Animalia Chromista->Animalia Protozoa Protozoa Protozoa->Animalia Protozoa->Animalia
interactions Acoleidae Acoleidae Podicipedidae Podicipedidae Acoleidae->Podicipedidae Acoleidae->Podicipedidae Acuariidae Acuariidae Accipitridae Accipitridae Acuariidae->Accipitridae Alcidae Alcidae Acuariidae->Alcidae Acuariidae->Alcidae Hydrobatidae Hydrobatidae Acuariidae->Hydrobatidae Acuariidae->Hydrobatidae Laridae Laridae Acuariidae->Laridae Acuariidae->Laridae Procellariidae Procellariidae Acuariidae->Procellariidae Acuariidae->Procellariidae Scolopacidae Scolopacidae Acuariidae->Scolopacidae Acuariidae->Scolopacidae Spheniscidae Spheniscidae Acuariidae->Spheniscidae Acuariidae->Spheniscidae Stercorariidae Stercorariidae Acuariidae->Stercorariidae Acuariidae->Stercorariidae Threskiornithidae Threskiornithidae Acuariidae->Threskiornithidae Adeleidae Adeleidae Cricetidae Cricetidae Adeleidae->Cricetidae Adeleidae->Cricetidae Cricetidae->Cricetidae Amabiliidae Amabiliidae Amabiliidae->Podicipedidae Amabiliidae->Podicipedidae Amaranthaceae Amaranthaceae Geomyidae Geomyidae Amaranthaceae->Geomyidae Amaranthaceae->Geomyidae Heteromyidae Heteromyidae Amaranthaceae->Heteromyidae Amaranthaceae->Heteromyidae Sciuridae Sciuridae Amaranthaceae->Sciuridae Amaranthaceae->Sciuridae Ancylostomatidae Ancylostomatidae Ancylostomatidae->Cricetidae Ancylostomatidae->Cricetidae Canidae Canidae Ancylostomatidae->Canidae Ancylostomatidae->Canidae Mustelidae Mustelidae Ancylostomatidae->Mustelidae Ancylostomatidae->Mustelidae Procyonidae Procyonidae Ancylostomatidae->Procyonidae Ursidae Ursidae Ancylostomatidae->Ursidae Ancylostomatidae->Ursidae Anatidae Anatidae Ancylostomatidae->Anatidae Castoridae Castoridae Ancylostomatidae->Castoridae Anisakidae Anisakidae Anisakidae->Alcidae Anisakidae->Alcidae Anisakidae->Laridae Anisakidae->Laridae Anisakidae->Procellariidae Anisakidae->Procellariidae Anisakidae->Spheniscidae Anisakidae->Spheniscidae Anisakidae->Mustelidae Anisakidae->Mustelidae Ardeidae Ardeidae Anisakidae->Ardeidae Chionidae Chionidae Anisakidae->Chionidae Anisakidae->Chionidae Nototheniidae Nototheniidae Anisakidae->Nototheniidae Anisakidae->Nototheniidae Pelecanidae Pelecanidae Anisakidae->Pelecanidae Anisakidae->Pelecanidae Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocoracidae Anisakidae->Phalacrocoracidae Anisakidae->Phalacrocoracidae Phocidae Phocidae Anisakidae->Phocidae Anisakidae->Phocidae Anoplocephalidae Anoplocephalidae Anoplocephalidae->Cricetidae Anoplocephalidae->Cricetidae Anoplocephalidae->Geomyidae Anoplocephalidae->Geomyidae Anoplocephalidae->Sciuridae Anoplocephalidae->Sciuridae Cervidae Cervidae Anoplocephalidae->Cervidae Anoplocephalidae->Cervidae Muridae Muridae Anoplocephalidae->Muridae Anoplocephalidae->Muridae Ochotonidae Ochotonidae Anoplocephalidae->Ochotonidae Anoplocephalidae->Ochotonidae Aporocotylidae Aporocotylidae Lymnaeidae Lymnaeidae Aporocotylidae->Lymnaeidae Physidae Physidae Aporocotylidae->Physidae Planorbidae Planorbidae Aporocotylidae->Planorbidae Aporocotylidae->Planorbidae Semisulcospiridae Semisulcospiridae Aporocotylidae->Semisulcospiridae Lymnaeidae->Cricetidae Lymnaeidae->Cricetidae Lymnaeidae->Heteromyidae Lymnaeidae->Heteromyidae Ascarididae Ascarididae Ascarididae->Accipitridae Ascarididae->Accipitridae Ascarididae->Laridae Ascarididae->Stercorariidae Ascarididae->Cricetidae Ascarididae->Cricetidae Ascarididae->Sciuridae Ascarididae->Sciuridae Ascarididae->Canidae Ascarididae->Canidae Ascarididae->Mustelidae Ascarididae->Mustelidae Ascarididae->Procyonidae Ascarididae->Procyonidae Ascarididae->Ursidae Ascarididae->Ursidae Ascarididae->Ardeidae Ascarididae->Ardeidae Ascarididae->Phalacrocoracidae Ascarididae->Phocidae Ascarididae->Phocidae Ascarididae->Muridae Felidae Felidae Ascarididae->Felidae Ascarididae->Felidae Otariidae Otariidae Ascarididae->Otariidae Ascarididae->Otariidae Soricidae Soricidae Ascarididae->Soricidae Ascarididae->Soricidae Strigidae Strigidae Ascarididae->Strigidae Ascarididae->Strigidae Turdidae Turdidae Ascarididae->Turdidae Ascarididae->Turdidae Strigeidae Strigeidae Ascarididae->Strigeidae Cercopithecidae Cercopithecidae Ascarididae->Cercopithecidae Falconidae Falconidae Ascarididae->Falconidae Phasianidae Phasianidae Ascarididae->Phasianidae Salmonidae Salmonidae Ascarididae->Salmonidae Strigidae->Procyonidae Strigidae->Procyonidae Strigidae->Anatidae Strigidae->Anatidae Strigeidae->Podicipedidae Strigeidae->Podicipedidae Strigeidae->Accipitridae Strigeidae->Accipitridae Strigeidae->Alcidae Strigeidae->Alcidae Strigeidae->Laridae Strigeidae->Laridae Strigeidae->Scolopacidae Strigeidae->Scolopacidae Strigeidae->Spheniscidae Strigeidae->Threskiornithidae Strigeidae->Threskiornithidae Strigeidae->Canidae Strigeidae->Mustelidae Strigeidae->Mustelidae Strigeidae->Procyonidae Strigeidae->Procyonidae Strigeidae->Anatidae Strigeidae->Anatidae Strigeidae->Ardeidae Strigeidae->Ardeidae Strigeidae->Lymnaeidae Strigeidae->Lymnaeidae Strigeidae->Physidae Strigeidae->Physidae Strigeidae->Planorbidae Strigeidae->Planorbidae Strigeidae->Ascarididae Strigeidae->Strigidae Strigeidae->Strigidae Strigeidae->Falconidae Strigeidae->Falconidae Gaviidae Gaviidae Strigeidae->Gaviidae Strigeidae->Gaviidae Rallidae Rallidae Strigeidae->Rallidae Strigeidae->Rallidae Gruidae Gruidae Strigeidae->Gruidae Strigeidae->Gruidae Sulidae Sulidae Strigeidae->Sulidae Strigeidae->Sulidae Motacillidae Motacillidae Strigeidae->Motacillidae Strigeidae->Motacillidae Scopidae Scopidae Strigeidae->Scopidae Strigeidae->Scopidae Alcedinidae Alcedinidae Strigeidae->Alcedinidae Ampullariidae Ampullariidae Strigeidae->Ampullariidae Mythicomycetaceae Mythicomycetaceae Strigeidae->Mythicomycetaceae Strigeidae->Mythicomycetaceae Viduidae Viduidae Strigeidae->Viduidae Ascaridiidae Ascaridiidae Ascaridiidae->Alcidae Ascaridiidae->Alcidae Ascaridiidae->Canidae Ascaridiidae->Phasianidae Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae->Laridae Asteraceae->Scolopacidae Asteraceae->Cricetidae Asteraceae->Cricetidae Asteraceae->Heteromyidae Asteraceae->Heteromyidae Asteraceae->Sciuridae Asteraceae->Sciuridae Asteraceae->Anatidae Asteraceae->Anatidae Asteraceae->Muridae Asteraceae->Soricidae Asteraceae->Soricidae Asteraceae->Phasianidae Charadriidae Charadriidae Asteraceae->Charadriidae Asteraceae->Charadriidae Corvidae Corvidae Asteraceae->Corvidae Asteraceae->Corvidae Asteraceae->Gaviidae Asteraceae->Gaviidae Haematopodidae Haematopodidae Asteraceae->Haematopodidae Alaudidae Alaudidae Asteraceae->Alaudidae Brachycladiidae Brachycladiidae Phocoenidae Phocoenidae Brachycladiidae->Phocoenidae Brachylaimidae Brachylaimidae Brachylaimidae->Cricetidae Brachylaimidae->Muridae Brachylaimidae->Muridae Brachylaimidae->Turdidae Brachylaimidae->Turdidae Brachylaimidae->Phasianidae Capillariidae Capillariidae Capillariidae->Podicipedidae Capillariidae->Cricetidae Capillariidae->Cricetidae Capillariidae->Mustelidae Capillariidae->Mustelidae Capillariidae->Anatidae Capillariidae->Anatidae Capillariidae->Strigidae Capillariidae->Rallidae Recurvirostridae Recurvirostridae Capillariidae->Recurvirostridae Centrorhynchidae Centrorhynchidae Centrorhynchidae->Accipitridae Centrorhynchidae->Accipitridae Centrorhynchidae->Mustelidae Centrorhynchidae->Mustelidae Centrorhynchidae->Soricidae Centrorhynchidae->Strigidae Centrorhynchidae->Strigidae Mephitidae Mephitidae Centrorhynchidae->Mephitidae Talpidae Talpidae Centrorhynchidae->Talpidae Ceratophyllidae Ceratophyllidae Ceratophyllidae->Cricetidae Ceratophyllidae->Cricetidae Ceratophyllidae->Geomyidae Ceratophyllidae->Geomyidae Ceratophyllidae->Heteromyidae Ceratophyllidae->Heteromyidae Ceratophyllidae->Sciuridae Ceratophyllidae->Sciuridae Ceratophyllidae->Mustelidae Ceratophyllidae->Ochotonidae Ceratophyllidae->Soricidae Ceratophyllidae->Soricidae Leporidae Leporidae Ceratophyllidae->Leporidae Ceratophyllidae->Leporidae Chordodidae Chordodidae Chordodidae->Physidae Carabidae Carabidae Chordodidae->Carabidae Cladorchiidae Cladorchiidae Ranidae Ranidae Cladorchiidae->Ranidae Cladorchiidae->Ranidae Clinostomidae Clinostomidae Clinostomidae->Ardeidae Clinostomidae->Ardeidae Clinostomidae->Physidae Clinostomidae->Physidae Cichlidae Cichlidae Clinostomidae->Cichlidae Clinostomidae->Cichlidae Cyprinidae Cyprinidae Clinostomidae->Cyprinidae Clinostomidae->Cyprinidae Clinostomidae->Gruidae Mochokidae Mochokidae Clinostomidae->Mochokidae Clinostomidae->Mochokidae Clinostomidae->Sulidae Clinostomidae->Sulidae Colpocephalidae Colpocephalidae Colpocephalidae->Strigidae Colpocephalidae->Strigidae Ctenophthalmidae Ctenophthalmidae Ctenophthalmidae->Cricetidae Ctenophthalmidae->Cricetidae Ctenophthalmidae->Heteromyidae Ctenophthalmidae->Heteromyidae Ctenophthalmidae->Sciuridae Ctenophthalmidae->Soricidae Ctenophthalmidae->Soricidae Cyathocotylidae Cyathocotylidae Cyathocotylidae->Laridae Cyathocotylidae->Sulidae Cyathocotylidae->Sulidae Pandionidae Pandionidae Cyathocotylidae->Pandionidae Cyathocotylidae->Pandionidae Cyclocoelidae Cyclocoelidae Cyclocoelidae->Scolopacidae Cyclocoelidae->Scolopacidae Cyclocoelidae->Anatidae Cyclocoelidae->Anatidae Cyclocoelidae->Recurvirostridae Davaineidae Davaineidae Davaineidae->Ursidae Davaineidae->Phasianidae Derogenidae Derogenidae Derogenidae->Physidae Derogenidae->Ranidae Dicrocoeliidae Dicrocoeliidae Dicrocoeliidae->Accipitridae Dicrocoeliidae->Accipitridae Dicrocoeliidae->Scolopacidae Dicrocoeliidae->Threskiornithidae Dicrocoeliidae->Turdidae Dicrocoeliidae->Turdidae Dicrocoeliidae->Motacillidae Dicrocoeliidae->Motacillidae Passerellidae Passerellidae Dicrocoeliidae->Passerellidae Dicrocoeliidae->Passerellidae Dilepididae Dilepididae Dilepididae->Alcidae Dilepididae->Alcidae Dilepididae->Laridae Dilepididae->Laridae Dilepididae->Procellariidae Dilepididae->Procellariidae Dilepididae->Spheniscidae Dilepididae->Spheniscidae Dilepididae->Stercorariidae Dilepididae->Cricetidae Dilepididae->Chionidae Dilepididae->Chionidae Dilepididae->Sulidae Dilepididae->Sulidae Dioctophymatidae Dioctophymatidae Dioctophymatidae->Ardeidae Dioctophymatidae->Ardeidae Poeciliidae Poeciliidae Dioctophymatidae->Poeciliidae Diphyllobothriidae Diphyllobothriidae Diphyllobothriidae->Podicipedidae Diphyllobothriidae->Podicipedidae Diphyllobothriidae->Accipitridae Diphyllobothriidae->Alcidae Diphyllobothriidae->Alcidae Diphyllobothriidae->Laridae Diphyllobothriidae->Laridae Diphyllobothriidae->Stercorariidae Diphyllobothriidae->Stercorariidae Diphyllobothriidae->Canidae Diphyllobothriidae->Canidae Diphyllobothriidae->Mustelidae Diphyllobothriidae->Mustelidae Diphyllobothriidae->Ursidae Diphyllobothriidae->Ursidae Diphyllobothriidae->Nototheniidae Diphyllobothriidae->Nototheniidae Diphyllobothriidae->Phalacrocoracidae Diphyllobothriidae->Phalacrocoracidae Diphyllobothriidae->Phocidae Diphyllobothriidae->Phocidae Diphyllobothriidae->Felidae Diphyllobothriidae->Otariidae Diphyllobothriidae->Otariidae Diphyllobothriidae->Salmonidae Diphyllobothriidae->Salmonidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gaviidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gaviidae Diphyllobothriidae->Phocoenidae Diphyllobothriidae->Cyprinidae Diphyllobothriidae->Cyprinidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gruidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gruidae Gadidae Gadidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gadidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gadidae Hominidae Hominidae Diphyllobothriidae->Hominidae Diphyllobothriidae->Hominidae Lotidae Lotidae Diphyllobothriidae->Lotidae Diphyllobothriidae->Lotidae Odobenidae Odobenidae Diphyllobothriidae->Odobenidae Diphyllobothriidae->Odobenidae Cottidae Cottidae Diphyllobothriidae->Cottidae Gasterosteidae Gasterosteidae Diphyllobothriidae->Gasterosteidae Diplostomidae Diplostomidae Diplostomidae->Accipitridae Diplostomidae->Accipitridae Diplostomidae->Alcidae Diplostomidae->Alcidae Diplostomidae->Laridae Diplostomidae->Laridae Diplostomidae->Scolopacidae Diplostomidae->Scolopacidae Diplostomidae->Threskiornithidae Diplostomidae->Cricetidae Diplostomidae->Canidae Diplostomidae->Canidae Diplostomidae->Mustelidae Diplostomidae->Mustelidae Diplostomidae->Anatidae Diplostomidae->Anatidae Diplostomidae->Ardeidae Diplostomidae->Ardeidae Diplostomidae->Pelecanidae Diplostomidae->Phalacrocoracidae Diplostomidae->Phalacrocoracidae Diplostomidae->Physidae Diplostomidae->Physidae Diplostomidae->Planorbidae Diplostomidae->Strigidae Diplostomidae->Strigidae Diplostomidae->Salmonidae Diplostomidae->Salmonidae Diplostomidae->Gaviidae Diplostomidae->Gaviidae Diplostomidae->Mephitidae Diplostomidae->Mephitidae Diplostomidae->Cichlidae Diplostomidae->Cichlidae Diplostomidae->Cyprinidae Diplostomidae->Cyprinidae Diplostomidae->Sulidae Diplostomidae->Sulidae Diplostomidae->Pandionidae Diplostomidae->Pandionidae Diplostomidae->Poeciliidae Diplostomidae->Poeciliidae Anhingidae Anhingidae Diplostomidae->Anhingidae Diplostomidae->Anhingidae Catostomidae Catostomidae Diplostomidae->Catostomidae Diplostomidae->Catostomidae Hylidae Hylidae Diplostomidae->Hylidae Diplostomidae->Hylidae Mugilidae Mugilidae Diplostomidae->Mugilidae Diplostomidae->Mugilidae Diplostomidae->Scopidae Diplostomidae->Scopidae Taeniidae Taeniidae Diplostomidae->Taeniidae Diplostomidae->Alcedinidae Taeniidae->Cricetidae Taeniidae->Cricetidae Taeniidae->Sciuridae Taeniidae->Sciuridae Taeniidae->Canidae Taeniidae->Canidae Taeniidae->Mustelidae Taeniidae->Mustelidae Taeniidae->Ursidae Taeniidae->Ursidae Taeniidae->Castoridae Taeniidae->Cervidae Taeniidae->Cervidae Taeniidae->Muridae Taeniidae->Muridae Taeniidae->Felidae Taeniidae->Felidae Taeniidae->Leporidae Taeniidae->Leporidae Taeniidae->Diplostomidae Dipodidae Dipodidae Taeniidae->Dipodidae Taeniidae->Dipodidae Diplotriaenidae Diplotriaenidae Diplotriaenidae->Accipitridae Dipylidiidae Dipylidiidae Dipylidiidae->Canidae Echinochasmidae Echinochasmidae Echinochasmidae->Alcidae Echinochasmidae->Alcidae Echinochasmidae->Laridae Echinochasmidae->Laridae Echinochasmidae->Semisulcospiridae Echinochasmidae->Gaviidae Echinochasmidae->Gaviidae Echinorhynchidae Echinorhynchidae Echinorhynchidae->Hominidae Echinorhynchidae->Cottidae Echinostomatidae Echinostomatidae Echinostomatidae->Podicipedidae Echinostomatidae->Podicipedidae Echinostomatidae->Laridae Echinostomatidae->Laridae Echinostomatidae->Threskiornithidae Echinostomatidae->Threskiornithidae Echinostomatidae->Cricetidae Echinostomatidae->Cricetidae Echinostomatidae->Canidae Echinostomatidae->Canidae Echinostomatidae->Mustelidae Echinostomatidae->Mustelidae Echinostomatidae->Anatidae Echinostomatidae->Anatidae Echinostomatidae->Ardeidae Echinostomatidae->Ardeidae Echinostomatidae->Phalacrocoracidae Echinostomatidae->Phalacrocoracidae Echinostomatidae->Lymnaeidae Echinostomatidae->Lymnaeidae Echinostomatidae->Physidae Echinostomatidae->Physidae Echinostomatidae->Physidae Echinostomatidae->Planorbidae Echinostomatidae->Planorbidae Echinostomatidae->Planorbidae Echinostomatidae->Strigidae Echinostomatidae->Strigidae Echinostomatidae->Phasianidae Echinostomatidae->Charadriidae Echinostomatidae->Gaviidae Echinostomatidae->Rallidae Echinostomatidae->Rallidae Echinostomatidae->Sulidae Echinostomatidae->Sulidae Echinostomatidae->Ampullariidae Echinostomatidae->Ampullariidae Bulinidae Bulinidae Echinostomatidae->Bulinidae Echinostomatidae->Bulinidae Ciconiidae Ciconiidae Echinostomatidae->Ciconiidae Echinostomatidae->Ciconiidae Echinostomatidae->Mythicomycetaceae Echinostomatidae->Mythicomycetaceae Eimeriidae Eimeriidae Eimeriidae->Cricetidae Eimeriidae->Cricetidae Eimeriidae->Heteromyidae Eimeriidae->Heteromyidae Enderleinellidae Enderleinellidae Enderleinellidae->Sciuridae Enderleinellidae->Sciuridae Epistylididae Epistylididae Kinosternidae Kinosternidae Epistylididae->Kinosternidae Eucotylidae Eucotylidae Eucotylidae->Anatidae Eucotylidae->Anatidae Eucotylidae->Charadriidae Eucotylidae->Charadriidae Fasciolidae Fasciolidae Fasciolidae->Cervidae Bovidae Bovidae Fasciolidae->Bovidae Fasciolidae->Bovidae Elephantidae Elephantidae Fasciolidae->Elephantidae Fasciolidae->Elephantidae Suidae Suidae Fasciolidae->Suidae Fasciolidae->Suidae Filaroididae Filaroididae Filaroididae->Mustelidae Filaroididae->Mustelidae Giganthorhynchidae Giganthorhynchidae Icteridae Icteridae Giganthorhynchidae->Icteridae Gloiosiphoniaceae Gloiosiphoniaceae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Alcidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Alcidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Cricetidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Cricetidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Heteromyidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Heteromyidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Sciuridae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Sciuridae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Canidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Canidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Procyonidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Anatidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Anatidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Muridae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Felidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Felidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Soricidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Soricidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Strigidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Strigidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Turdidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Turdidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Phasianidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Passerellidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Passerellidae Vespertilionidae Vespertilionidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Vespertilionidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Vespertilionidae Glypthelminthidae Glypthelminthidae Glypthelminthidae->Ranidae Glypthelminthidae->Ranidae Gordiidae Gordiidae Stenopelmatidae Stenopelmatidae Gordiidae->Stenopelmatidae Gorgoderidae Gorgoderidae Gorgoderidae->Salmonidae Gorgoderidae->Salmonidae Gryporhynchidae Gryporhynchidae Gryporhynchidae->Gaviidae Gymnophallidae Gymnophallidae Gymnophallidae->Alcidae Gymnophallidae->Alcidae Gymnophallidae->Laridae Gymnophallidae->Laridae Gymnophallidae->Stercorariidae Gymnophallidae->Stercorariidae Gymnophallidae->Chionidae Gymnophallidae->Chionidae Habronematidae Habronematidae Habronematidae->Strigidae Habronematidae->Strigidae Haematoloechidae Haematoloechidae Haematoloechidae->Ranidae Haematoloechidae->Ranidae Haemogregarinidae Haemogregarinidae Haemogregarinidae->Ranidae Heligmosomidae Heligmosomidae Heligmosomidae->Cricetidae Heligmosomidae->Cricetidae Heteracanthocephalidae Heteracanthocephalidae Heteracanthocephalidae->Nototheniidae Heteracanthocephalidae->Nototheniidae Heterophyidae Heterophyidae Heterophyidae->Alcidae Heterophyidae->Alcidae Heterophyidae->Laridae Heterophyidae->Laridae Heterophyidae->Threskiornithidae Heterophyidae->Threskiornithidae Heterophyidae->Canidae Heterophyidae->Mustelidae Heterophyidae->Anatidae Heterophyidae->Ardeidae Heterophyidae->Ardeidae Heterophyidae->Semisulcospiridae Heterophyidae->Semisulcospiridae Heterophyidae->Sulidae Heterophyidae->Sulidae Ambystomatidae Ambystomatidae Heterophyidae->Ambystomatidae Heteroxynematidae Heteroxynematidae Heteroxynematidae->Cricetidae Heteroxynematidae->Cricetidae Heteroxynematidae->Sciuridae Heteroxynematidae->Sciuridae Heteroxynematidae->Muridae Heteroxynematidae->Muridae Heteroxynematidae->Ochotonidae Heteroxynematidae->Ochotonidae Himasthlidae Himasthlidae Himasthlidae->Alcidae Himasthlidae->Alcidae Himasthlidae->Laridae Himasthlidae->Laridae Himasthlidae->Anatidae Hippoboscidae Hippoboscidae Hippoboscidae->Falconidae Hippoboscidae->Pandionidae Hippoboscidae->Pandionidae Hoplopleuridae Hoplopleuridae Hoplopleuridae->Cricetidae Hoplopleuridae->Cricetidae Hoplopleuridae->Heteromyidae Hoplopleuridae->Heteromyidae Hoplopleuridae->Sciuridae Hoplopleuridae->Sciuridae Hoplopleuridae->Muridae Hoplopleuridae->Muridae Hoplopleuridae->Ochotonidae Hoplopleuridae->Ochotonidae Hoplopleuridae->Soricidae Hoplopleuridae->Soricidae Hymenolepididae Hymenolepididae Hymenolepididae->Alcidae Hymenolepididae->Alcidae Hymenolepididae->Laridae Hymenolepididae->Laridae Hymenolepididae->Scolopacidae Hymenolepididae->Scolopacidae Hymenolepididae->Cricetidae Hymenolepididae->Cricetidae Hymenolepididae->Geomyidae Hymenolepididae->Geomyidae Hymenolepididae->Sciuridae Hymenolepididae->Sciuridae Hymenolepididae->Anatidae Hymenolepididae->Anatidae Hymenolepididae->Turdidae Hymenolepididae->Phasianidae Hymenolepididae->Gaviidae Hymenolepididae->Rallidae Hymenolepididae->Rallidae Hystrichopsyllidae Hystrichopsyllidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Cricetidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Cricetidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Mustelidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Soricidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Talpidae Ixodidae Ixodidae Ixodidae->Alcidae Ixodidae->Alcidae Ixodidae->Laridae Ixodidae->Laridae Ixodidae->Cricetidae Ixodidae->Cricetidae Ixodidae->Heteromyidae Ixodidae->Sciuridae Ixodidae->Canidae Ixodidae->Mustelidae Ixodidae->Soricidae Ixodidae->Soricidae Phrynosomatidae Phrynosomatidae Ixodidae->Phrynosomatidae Ixodidae->Phrynosomatidae Neoechinorhynchidae Neoechinorhynchidae Ixodidae->Neoechinorhynchidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Canidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Mustelidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Ixodidae Emydidae Emydidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Emydidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Emydidae Umbridae Umbridae Neoechinorhynchidae->Umbridae Telorchiidae Telorchiidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Telorchiidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Telorchiidae Kathlaniidae Kathlaniidae Salamandridae Salamandridae Kathlaniidae->Salamandridae Kathlaniidae->Salamandridae Lecithodendriidae Lecithodendriidae Lecithodendriidae->Semisulcospiridae Lecithodendriidae->Semisulcospiridae Leptopsyllidae Leptopsyllidae Leptopsyllidae->Cricetidae Leptopsyllidae->Cricetidae Leptopsyllidae->Ochotonidae Leptopsyllidae->Soricidae Leptopsyllidae->Soricidae Leucochloridiidae Leucochloridiidae Leucochloridiidae->Laridae Leucochloridiidae->Phasianidae Leucochloridiidae->Passerellidae Calcariidae Calcariidae Leucochloridiidae->Calcariidae Lipotrophidae Lipotrophidae Lipotrophidae->Cricetidae Lipotrophidae->Cricetidae Lipotrophidae->Heteromyidae Lipotrophidae->Heteromyidae Lipotrophidae->Sciuridae Lipotrophidae->Sciuridae Mermithidae Mermithidae Mermithidae->Carabidae Mermithidae->Carabidae Zoropsidae Zoropsidae Mermithidae->Zoropsidae Metastrongylidae Metastrongylidae Metastrongylidae->Cricetidae Metastrongylidae->Cricetidae Metastrongylidae->Cervidae Metastrongylidae->Cervidae Metastrongylidae->Felidae Metastrongylidae->Felidae Metastrongylidae->Bovidae Microcotylidae Microcotylidae Cyprinodontidae Cyprinodontidae Microcotylidae->Cyprinodontidae Microphallidae Microphallidae Microphallidae->Laridae Microphallidae->Laridae Microphallidae->Scolopacidae Microphallidae->Scolopacidae Microphallidae->Canidae Microphallidae->Canidae Microphallidae->Mustelidae Microphallidae->Anatidae Microphallidae->Anatidae Microphallidae->Phalacrocoracidae Microphallidae->Odobenidae Microphallidae->Odobenidae Molineidae Molineidae Molineidae->Cricetidae Molineidae->Cricetidae Molineidae->Mustelidae Molineidae->Mustelidae Molineidae->Ranidae Molineidae->Ranidae Moniliformidae Moniliformidae Moniliformidae->Cricetidae Moniliformidae->Cricetidae Moniliformidae->Heteromyidae Moniliformidae->Heteromyidae Moniliformidae->Sciuridae Moniliformidae->Sciuridae Monocystidae Monocystidae Monocystidae->Cricetidae Monocystidae->Cricetidae Monocystidae->Heteromyidae Monocystidae->Heteromyidae Myobiidae Myobiidae Myobiidae->Vespertilionidae Myobiidae->Vespertilionidae Nematotaeniidae Nematotaeniidae Nematotaeniidae->Ranidae Nematotaeniidae->Ranidae Telorchiidae->Physidae Telorchiidae->Physidae Telorchiidae->Planorbidae Telorchiidae->Planorbidae Telorchiidae->Ranidae Telorchiidae->Ranidae Telorchiidae->Neoechinorhynchidae Telorchiidae->Neoechinorhynchidae Telorchiidae->Emydidae Telorchiidae->Emydidae Notocotylidae Notocotylidae Notocotylidae->Alcidae Notocotylidae->Scolopacidae Notocotylidae->Cricetidae Notocotylidae->Cricetidae Notocotylidae->Canidae Notocotylidae->Anatidae Notocotylidae->Anatidae Notocotylidae->Lymnaeidae Notocotylidae->Physidae Notocotylidae->Physidae Notocotylidae->Planorbidae Notocotylidae->Planorbidae Notocotylidae->Semisulcospiridae Notocotylidae->Phasianidae Notocotylidae->Rallidae Notocotylidae->Rallidae Notocotylidae->Mythicomycetaceae Notocotylidae->Mythicomycetaceae Balaenopteridae Balaenopteridae Notocotylidae->Balaenopteridae Oestridae Oestridae Oestridae->Cricetidae Oestridae->Cricetidae Oestridae->Heteromyidae Oestridae->Heteromyidae Oestridae->Sciuridae Oestridae->Sciuridae Oestridae->Cervidae Oestridae->Cervidae Oestridae->Ochotonidae Oestridae->Ochotonidae Oestridae->Leporidae Oestridae->Leporidae Oestridae->Vespertilionidae Oestridae->Vespertilionidae Oestridae->Dipodidae Oestridae->Dipodidae Phyllostomidae Phyllostomidae Oestridae->Phyllostomidae Oestridae->Phyllostomidae Oligacanthorhynchidae Oligacanthorhynchidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Sciuridae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Sciuridae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Procyonidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Procyonidae Onchocercidae Onchocercidae Onchocercidae->Ursidae Onchocercidae->Falconidae Onchocercidae->Passerellidae Opecoelidae Opecoelidae Opecoelidae->Semisulcospiridae Opisthorchiidae Opisthorchiidae Opisthorchiidae->Alcidae Opisthorchiidae->Alcidae Opisthorchiidae->Laridae Opisthorchiidae->Laridae Opisthorchiidae->Threskiornithidae Opisthorchiidae->Threskiornithidae Opisthorchiidae->Canidae Opisthorchiidae->Canidae Opisthorchiidae->Ardeidae Opisthorchiidae->Ardeidae Opisthorchiidae->Phalacrocoracidae Opisthorchiidae->Phalacrocoracidae Opisthorchiidae->Gaviidae Opisthorchiidae->Gaviidae Opisthorchiidae->Sulidae Opisthorchiidae->Sulidae Opisthorchiidae->Ambystomatidae Orchipedidae Orchipedidae Orchipedidae->Gruidae Ostreidae Ostreidae Ostreidae->Cricetidae Ostreidae->Cricetidae Oxyuridae Oxyuridae Oxyuridae->Cricetidae Oxyuridae->Cricetidae Oxyuridae->Heteromyidae Oxyuridae->Heteromyidae Oxyuridae->Sciuridae Oxyuridae->Sciuridae Oxyuridae->Muridae Oxyuridae->Muridae Oxyuridae->Ochotonidae Oxyuridae->Ochotonidae Oxyuridae->Cercopithecidae Oxyuridae->Hominidae Oxyuridae->Oxyuridae Erethizontidae Erethizontidae Oxyuridae->Erethizontidae Oxyuridae->Erethizontidae Trichuridae Trichuridae Oxyuridae->Trichuridae Trichuridae->Cricetidae Trichuridae->Cricetidae Trichuridae->Heteromyidae Trichuridae->Heteromyidae Trichuridae->Sciuridae Trichuridae->Sciuridae Trichuridae->Leporidae Trichuridae->Leporidae Trichuridae->Oxyuridae Paramphistomidae Paramphistomidae Paramphistomidae->Anatidae Paramphistomidae->Castoridae Paramphistomidae->Phalacrocoracidae Paramphistomidae->Physidae Paramphistomidae->Physidae Paramphistomidae->Planorbidae Paramphistomidae->Bovidae Paramphistomidae->Bovidae Pediculidae Pediculidae Pediculidae->Cercopithecidae Pharyngodonidae Pharyngodonidae Pharyngodonidae->Ranidae Pharyngodonidae->Ranidae Pharyngodonidae->Hylidae Pharyngodonidae->Hylidae Viperidae Viperidae Pharyngodonidae->Viperidae Pharyngodonidae->Viperidae Philophthalmidae Philophthalmidae Philophthalmidae->Scolopacidae Philophthalmidae->Scolopacidae Philophthalmidae->Threskiornithidae Philophthalmidae->Semisulcospiridae Thiaridae Thiaridae Philophthalmidae->Thiaridae Philophthalmidae->Thiaridae Physalopteridae Physalopteridae Physalopteridae->Cricetidae Physalopteridae->Cricetidae Physalopteridae->Sciuridae Physalopteridae->Sciuridae Physalopteridae->Canidae Physalopteridae->Canidae Physalopteridae->Mustelidae Physalopteridae->Mustelidae Physalopteridae->Procyonidae Physalopteridae->Mephitidae Physalopteridae->Mephitidae Physalopteridae->Ranidae Physalopteridae->Ranidae Plagiorchiidae Plagiorchiidae Plagiorchiidae->Laridae Plagiorchiidae->Laridae Plagiorchiidae->Scolopacidae Plagiorchiidae->Scolopacidae Plagiorchiidae->Cricetidae Plagiorchiidae->Cricetidae Plagiorchiidae->Canidae Plagiorchiidae->Canidae Plagiorchiidae->Anatidae Plagiorchiidae->Anatidae Plagiorchiidae->Physidae Plagiorchiidae->Physidae Plagiorchiidae->Passerellidae Plagiorchiidae->Passerellidae Plagiorchiidae->Mythicomycetaceae Plagiorchiidae->Mythicomycetaceae Plagiorhynchidae Plagiorhynchidae Plagiorhynchidae->Soricidae Plagiorhynchidae->Turdidae Plagiorhynchidae->Turdidae Plagiorhynchidae->Passerellidae Troglodytidae Troglodytidae Plagiorhynchidae->Troglodytidae Plasmodiidae Plasmodiidae Plasmodiidae->Turdidae Plasmodiidae->Turdidae Plasmodiidae->Corvidae Plasmodiidae->Corvidae Plasmodiidae->Passerellidae Plasmodiidae->Passerellidae Plasmodiidae->Troglodytidae Plasmodiidae->Troglodytidae Aegithalidae Aegithalidae Plasmodiidae->Aegithalidae Plasmodiidae->Aegithalidae Caprimulgidae Caprimulgidae Plasmodiidae->Caprimulgidae Plasmodiidae->Caprimulgidae Cardinalidae Cardinalidae Plasmodiidae->Cardinalidae Plasmodiidae->Cardinalidae Fringillidae Fringillidae Plasmodiidae->Fringillidae Plasmodiidae->Fringillidae Hirundinidae Hirundinidae Plasmodiidae->Hirundinidae Plasmodiidae->Hirundinidae Paridae Paridae Plasmodiidae->Paridae Plasmodiidae->Paridae Parulidae Parulidae Plasmodiidae->Parulidae Plasmodiidae->Parulidae Picidae Picidae Plasmodiidae->Picidae Plasmodiidae->Picidae Polioptilidae Polioptilidae Plasmodiidae->Polioptilidae Plasmodiidae->Polioptilidae Sittidae Sittidae Plasmodiidae->Sittidae Plasmodiidae->Sittidae Tyrannidae Tyrannidae Plasmodiidae->Tyrannidae Plasmodiidae->Tyrannidae Vireonidae Vireonidae Plasmodiidae->Vireonidae Plasmodiidae->Vireonidae Polymorphidae Polymorphidae Polymorphidae->Podicipedidae Polymorphidae->Alcidae Polymorphidae->Alcidae Polymorphidae->Laridae Polymorphidae->Laridae Polymorphidae->Scolopacidae Polymorphidae->Scolopacidae Polymorphidae->Spheniscidae Polymorphidae->Spheniscidae Polymorphidae->Threskiornithidae Polymorphidae->Canidae Polymorphidae->Canidae Polymorphidae->Mustelidae Polymorphidae->Mustelidae Polymorphidae->Anatidae Polymorphidae->Anatidae Polymorphidae->Ardeidae Polymorphidae->Ardeidae Polymorphidae->Nototheniidae Polymorphidae->Nototheniidae Polymorphidae->Phalacrocoracidae Polymorphidae->Phalacrocoracidae Polymorphidae->Phocidae Polymorphidae->Phocidae Polymorphidae->Gaviidae Polymorphidae->Gaviidae Polymorphidae->Rallidae Polymorphidae->Rallidae Polymorphidae->Sulidae Polymorphidae->Sulidae Polymorphidae->Odobenidae Polymorphidae->Odobenidae Polymorphidae->Balaenopteridae Trichodontidae Trichodontidae Polymorphidae->Trichodontidae Polyplacidae Polyplacidae Polyplacidae->Cricetidae Polyplacidae->Cricetidae Polyplacidae->Geomyidae Polyplacidae->Heteromyidae Polyplacidae->Heteromyidae Polyplacidae->Sciuridae Polyplacidae->Sciuridae Polyplacidae->Mustelidae Polyplacidae->Mustelidae Polyplacidae->Ochotonidae Polyplacidae->Ochotonidae Polyplacidae->Soricidae Polyplacidae->Soricidae Porosporidae Porosporidae Porosporidae->Cricetidae Porosporidae->Cricetidae Prosthogonimidae Prosthogonimidae Prosthogonimidae->Anatidae Psilostomidae Psilostomidae Psilostomidae->Anatidae Psilostomidae->Anatidae Psilostomidae->Ardeidae Psilostomidae->Ardeidae Psilostomidae->Planorbidae Psilostomidae->Planorbidae Psilostomidae->Gruidae Psilostomidae->Gruidae Psilostomidae->Ambystomatidae Psilostomidae->Ambystomatidae Pulicidae Pulicidae Pulicidae->Cricetidae Pulicidae->Cricetidae Pulicidae->Heteromyidae Pulicidae->Heteromyidae Pulicidae->Sciuridae Pulicidae->Sciuridae Pulicidae->Leporidae Pulicidae->Leporidae Reighardiidae Reighardiidae Reighardiidae->Alcidae Reighardiidae->Alcidae Reighardiidae->Laridae Reighardiidae->Stercorariidae Reighardiidae->Stercorariidae Renicolidae Renicolidae Renicolidae->Alcidae Renicolidae->Alcidae Renicolidae->Threskiornithidae Renicolidae->Anatidae Renicolidae->Ardeidae Rhabdiasidae Rhabdiasidae Rhabdiasidae->Ranidae Rhabdiasidae->Ranidae Rhabdiasidae->Salamandridae Rhabdiasidae->Salamandridae Bufonidae Bufonidae Rhabdiasidae->Bufonidae Rhabdiasidae->Bufonidae Rhabditidae Rhabditidae Rhabditidae->Cricetidae Rhodomelaceae Rhodomelaceae Rhodomelaceae->Alcidae Rhodomelaceae->Alcidae Rhodomelaceae->Laridae Rhodomelaceae->Laridae Rhodomelaceae->Threskiornithidae Rhodomelaceae->Anatidae Rhodomelaceae->Phalacrocoracidae Rhodomelaceae->Phalacrocoracidae Rhodomelaceae->Rallidae Rhodomelaceae->Rallidae Rictulariidae Rictulariidae Rictulariidae->Cricetidae Rictulariidae->Cricetidae Sajaniaceae Sajaniaceae Sajaniaceae->Ursidae Sajaniaceae->Phasianidae Sarcocystidae Sarcocystidae Sarcocystidae->Cricetidae Sarcocystidae->Cricetidae Sarcocystidae->Sciuridae Sarcocystidae->Cervidae Sarcocystidae->Cervidae Sarcocystidae->Ochotonidae Sarcocystidae->Ochotonidae Saxifragaceae Saxifragaceae Saxifragaceae->Cricetidae Saxifragaceae->Cricetidae Saxifragaceae->Anatidae Saxifragaceae->Anatidae Saxifragaceae->Cervidae Saxifragaceae->Cervidae Saxifragaceae->Ochotonidae Saxifragaceae->Ochotonidae Saxifragaceae->Mephitidae Saxifragaceae->Mephitidae Saxifragaceae->Vespertilionidae Saxifragaceae->Vespertilionidae Saxifragaceae->Dipodidae Saxifragaceae->Phyllostomidae Saxifragaceae->Phyllostomidae Mormoopidae Mormoopidae Saxifragaceae->Mormoopidae Saxifragaceae->Mormoopidae Scarabaeidae Scarabaeidae Scarabaeidae->Laridae Schistosomatidae Schistosomatidae Schistosomatidae->Laridae Schistosomatidae->Laridae Schistosomatidae->Threskiornithidae Schistosomatidae->Threskiornithidae Schistosomatidae->Cricetidae Schistosomatidae->Cricetidae Schistosomatidae->Anatidae Schistosomatidae->Anatidae Schistosomatidae->Muridae Schistosomatidae->Lymnaeidae Schistosomatidae->Lymnaeidae Schistosomatidae->Physidae Schistosomatidae->Physidae Schistosomatidae->Planorbidae Schistosomatidae->Planorbidae Schistosomatidae->Planorbidae Schistosomatidae->Gaviidae Schistosomatidae->Rallidae Schistosomatidae->Hominidae Schistosomatidae->Hominidae Schistosomatidae->Bulinidae Schistosomatidae->Bulinidae Schistosomatidae->Mythicomycetaceae Schistosomatidae->Mythicomycetaceae Schistosomatidae->Bovidae Schistosomatidae->Bovidae Chilinidae Chilinidae Schistosomatidae->Chilinidae Schistosomatidae->Chilinidae Haminoeidae Haminoeidae Schistosomatidae->Haminoeidae Schistosomatidae->Haminoeidae Nassariidae Nassariidae Schistosomatidae->Nassariidae Struthionidae Struthionidae Schistosomatidae->Struthionidae Schistosomatidae->Struthionidae Crocodylidae Crocodylidae Schistosomatidae->Crocodylidae Spirorchiidae Spirorchiidae Spirorchiidae->Physidae Spirorchiidae->Physidae Spirorchiidae->Planorbidae Spirorchiidae->Planorbidae Spirorchiidae->Ampullariidae Spirorchiidae->Ampullariidae Spirorchiidae->Bulinidae Spirorchiidae->Bulinidae Spiruridae Spiruridae Spiruridae->Canidae Spiruridae->Canidae Spiruridae->Mustelidae Spiruridae->Mustelidae Spiruridae->Felidae Spiruridae->Felidae Stomylotrematidae Stomylotrematidae Stomylotrematidae->Threskiornithidae Strongyloididae Strongyloididae Strongyloididae->Sciuridae Strongyloididae->Sciuridae Strongyloididae->Anatidae Strongyloididae->Anatidae Tetrabothriidae Tetrabothriidae Tetrabothriidae->Alcidae Tetrabothriidae->Alcidae Tetrabothriidae->Laridae Tetrabothriidae->Laridae Tetrabothriidae->Procellariidae Tetrabothriidae->Procellariidae Tetrabothriidae->Spheniscidae Tetrabothriidae->Spheniscidae Tetrabothriidae->Stercorariidae Tetrabothriidae->Stercorariidae Tetrabothriidae->Phalacrocoracidae Tetrabothriidae->Phalacrocoracidae Tetrabothriidae->Phocidae Tetrabothriidae->Phocidae Delphinidae Delphinidae Tetrabothriidae->Delphinidae Tetrameridae Tetrameridae Tetrameridae->Spheniscidae Tetrameridae->Spheniscidae Tetrameridae->Anatidae Tetrameridae->Anatidae Tortricidae Tortricidae Tortricidae->Accipitridae Tortricidae->Accipitridae Tortricidae->Cricetidae Tortricidae->Cricetidae Tortricidae->Sciuridae Tortricidae->Sciuridae Tortricidae->Muridae Tortricidae->Muridae Tortricidae->Falconidae Transversotrematidae Transversotrematidae Transversotrematidae->Cichlidae Transversotrematidae->Mugilidae Transversotrematidae->Thiaridae Transversotrematidae->Thiaridae Gobiidae Gobiidae Transversotrematidae->Gobiidae Transversotrematidae->Gobiidae Eleotridae Eleotridae Transversotrematidae->Eleotridae Trichinellidae Trichinellidae Trichinellidae->Cricetidae Trichinellidae->Cricetidae Trichinellidae->Canidae Trichinellidae->Canidae Trichinellidae->Mustelidae Trichinellidae->Mustelidae Trichinellidae->Ursidae Trichinellidae->Ursidae Trichinellidae->Cervidae Trichinellidae->Muridae Trichinellidae->Muridae Trichinellidae->Felidae Trichinellidae->Felidae Trichinellidae->Soricidae Trichinellidae->Soricidae Trichinellidae->Leporidae Trichinellidae->Leporidae Trichinellidae->Odobenidae Balaenidae Balaenidae Trichinellidae->Balaenidae Trichodectidae Trichodectidae Trichodectidae->Cricetidae Trichodectidae->Cricetidae Trichosomoididae Trichosomoididae Trichosomoididae->Anatidae Trichosomoididae->Anatidae Trichostrongylidae Trichostrongylidae Trichostrongylidae->Cricetidae Trichostrongylidae->Cricetidae Trichostrongylidae->Geomyidae Trichostrongylidae->Geomyidae Trichostrongylidae->Sciuridae Trichostrongylidae->Canidae Trichostrongylidae->Mustelidae Trichostrongylidae->Mustelidae Trichostrongylidae->Castoridae Trichostrongylidae->Cervidae Trichostrongylidae->Muridae Trichostrongylidae->Muridae Trichostrongylidae->Ochotonidae Trichostrongylidae->Ochotonidae Trichostrongylidae->Soricidae Trichostrongylidae->Soricidae Trichostrongylidae->Phasianidae Trichostrongylidae->Corvidae Trichostrongylidae->Leporidae Trichostrongylidae->Leporidae Trichostrongylidae->Bovidae Trichostrongylidae->Bovidae Troglotrematidae Troglotrematidae Troglotrematidae->Semisulcospiridae Troglotrematidae->Semisulcospiridae Trombiculidae Trombiculidae Trombiculidae->Cricetidae Trombiculidae->Cricetidae Trombiculidae->Sciuridae Trombiculidae->Sciuridae Trombidiidae Trombidiidae Trombidiidae->Cricetidae Trombidiidae->Cricetidae Trypanosomatidae Trypanosomatidae Trypanosomatidae->Phasianidae Trypanosomatidae->Ranidae Trypanosomatidae->Hylidae Urotrematidae Urotrematidae Urotrematidae->Vespertilionidae Dactyloidae Dactyloidae Urotrematidae->Dactyloidae Urotrematidae->Dactyloidae Molossidae Molossidae Urotrematidae->Molossidae Varroidae Varroidae Apidae Apidae Varroidae->Apidae Varroidae->Apidae Zygocotylidae Zygocotylidae Zygocotylidae->Anatidae Zygocotylidae->Anatidae Zygocotylidae->Strigidae

You can download the indexed dataset under review at indexed-interactions.csv. A tab-separated file can be found at indexed-interactions.tsv

Learn more about the structure of this download at GloBI website, by opening a GitHub issue, or by sending an email.

Another way to discover the dataset under review is by searching for it on the GloBI website.

Taxonomic Alignment

As part of the review, all names are aligned against various name catalogs (e.g., col, ncbi, discoverlife, gbif, itis, wfo, mdd, tpt, and pbdb). These alignments can help review name usage or aid in selecting of a suitable taxonomic name resource.

Sample of Name Alignments
providedName relationName resolvedCatalogName resolvedName
ticks flea NONE col ticks flea
fleas mit NONE col fleas mit
A7114Peromyscus nasutus NONE col A7114Peromyscus nasutus
A99 NONE col A99
Distribution of Taxonomic Ranks of Aligned Names by Catalog. Names that were not aligned with a catalog are counted as NAs. So, the total number of unaligned names for a catalog will be listed in their NA row.
resolvedCatalogName resolvedRank count
col NA 918
col class 5
col family 73
col genus 331
col infraorder 1
col nanorder 2
col order 17
col parvorder 1
col phylum 6
col species 1183
col subclass 1
col subfamily 2
col subgenus 18
col suborder 1
col subspecies 102
col superfamily 10
col unranked 1
discoverlife NA 2648
discoverlife species 1
gbif NA 702
gbif class 5
gbif family 84
gbif genus 402
gbif order 13
gbif phylum 6
gbif species 1324
gbif subspecies 120
itis NA 1207
itis class 4
itis family 64
itis genus 282
itis order 21
itis phylum 7
itis species 960
itis subclass 4
itis subfamily 3
itis subgenus 1
itis suborder 3
itis subspecies 93
itis superfamily 3
mdd NA 2648
ncbi NA 929
ncbi class 4
ncbi family 79
ncbi genus 351
ncbi infraorder 2
ncbi order 17
ncbi phylum 7
ncbi species 1201
ncbi subclass 4
ncbi subfamily 2
ncbi subgenus 2
ncbi suborder 4
ncbi subspecies 41
ncbi superfamily 10
pbdb NA 1868
pbdb class 5
pbdb family 26
pbdb genus 130
pbdb order 11
pbdb phylum 6
pbdb species 588
pbdb subclass 1
pbdb subfamily 1
pbdb suborder 4
pbdb subspecies 7
pbdb subtribe 1
pbdb superfamily 3
pbdb superorder 1
pbdb unranked clade 4
tpt NA 1801
tpt family 7
tpt genus 88
tpt order 1
tpt species 751
wfo NA 2634
wfo genus 14
Name relationship types per catalog. Name relationship type “NONE” means that a name was not recognized by the associated catalog. “SAME_AS” indicates either a “HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME” or “SYNONYM_OF” name relationship type. We recognize that “SYNONYM_OF” encompasses many types of nomenclatural synonymies (ICZN 1999) (e.g., junior synonym, senior synonyms).
resolvedCatalogName relationName count
col NONE 3228
col HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 2439
col SYNONYM_OF 411
discoverlife NONE 6035
discoverlife HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 2
gbif NONE 2985
gbif HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 2762
gbif SYNONYM_OF 557
itis NONE 3556
itis HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 2106
itis SYNONYM_OF 263
mdd NONE 5135
mdd HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 739
ncbi NONE 3437
ncbi SAME_AS 2391
ncbi SYNONYM_OF 215
ncbi COMMON_NAME_OF 8
pbdb NONE 4484
pbdb HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 1282
pbdb SYNONYM_OF 134
tpt NONE 4390
tpt HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 1498
tpt SYNONYM_OF 30
wfo NONE 5858
wfo SYNONYM_OF 7
wfo HAS_UNCHECKED_NAME 6
wfo HAS_ACCEPTED_NAME 6
List of Available Name Alignment Reports
catalog name alignment results
col associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
ncbi associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
discoverlife associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
gbif associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
itis associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
wfo associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
mdd associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
tpt associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)
pbdb associated names alignments (first 500, full csv/tsv)

Additional Reviews

Elton, Nomer, and other tools may have difficulties interpreting existing species interaction datasets. Or, they may misbehave, or otherwise show unexpected behavior. As part of the review process, detailed review notes are kept that document possibly misbehaving, or confused, review bots. An sample of review notes associated with this review can be found below.

First few lines in the review notes.
reviewDate reviewCommentType reviewComment
2024-04-17T01:47:52Z note found unresolved reference [10100]
2024-04-17T01:47:52Z note found unresolved reference [10101]
2024-04-17T01:47:52Z note found unresolved reference [101031]
2024-04-17T01:47:52Z note found unresolved reference [101034]

In addtion, you can find the most frequently occurring notes in the table below.

Most frequently occurring review notes, if any.
reviewComment count
found unresolved reference [10100] 1
found unresolved reference [10101] 1
found unresolved reference [101031] 1
found unresolved reference [101034] 1

For addition information on review notes, please have a look at the first 500 Review Notes or the download full csv or tsv archives.

GloBI Review Badge

As part of the review, a review badge is generated. This review badge can be included in webpages to indicate the review status of the dataset under review.

review review 💬 💬

Note that if the badge is green, no review notes were generated. If the badge is yellow, the review bots may need some help with interpreting the species interaction data.

GloBI Index Badge

If the dataset under review has been registered with GloBI, and has been succesfully indexed by GloBI, the GloBI Index Status Badge will turn green. This means that the dataset under review was indexed by GloBI and is available through GloBI services and derived data products.

Picture of a GloBI Index Badge

If you’d like to keep track of reviews or index status of the dataset under review, please visit GloBI’s dataset index 5 for badge examples.

Discussion

This review aims to provide a perspective on the dataset to aid in understanding of species interaction claims discovered. However, it is important to note that this review does not assess the quality of the dataset. Instead, it serves as an indication of the open-ness6 and FAIRness (Wilkinson et al. 2016; Trekels et al. 2023) of the dataset: to perform this review, the data was likely openly available, Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable. The current Open-FAIR assessment is qualitative, and a more quantitative approach can be implemented with specified measurement units.

This report also showcases the reuse of machine-actionable (meta)data, something highly recommended by the FAIR Data Principles (Wilkinson et al. 2016). Making (meta)data machine-actionable enables more precise procesing by computers, enabling even naive review bots like Nomer and Elton to interpret the data effectively. This capability is crucial for not just automating the generation of reports, but also for facilitating seamless data exchanges, promoting interoperability.

Acknowledgements

We thank the many humans that created us and those who created and maintained the data, software and other intellectual resources that were used for producing this review. In addition, we are grateful for the natural resources providing the basis for these human and bot activities.

Author contributions

Nomer was responsible for name alignments. Elton carried out dataset extraction, and generated the review notes.

References

ICZN. 1999. “International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.” The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, UK. https://www.iczn.org/the-code/the-code-online/.
Poelen, Jorrit H., James D. Simons, and Chris J. Mungall. 2014. “Global Biotic Interactions: An Open Infrastructure to Share and Analyze Species-Interaction Datasets.” Ecological Informatics 24 (November): 148–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2014.08.005.
Trekels, Maarten, Debora Pignatari Drucker, José Augusto Salim, Jeff Ollerton, Jorrit Poelen, Filipi Miranda Soares, Max Rünzel, Muo Kasina, Quentin Groom, and Mariano Devoto. 2023. WorldFAIR Project (D10.1) Agriculture-related pollinator data standards use cases report.” Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8176978.
Wilkinson, Mark D., Michel Dumontier, IJsbrand Jan Aalbersberg, Gabrielle Appleton, Myles Axton, Arie Baak, Niklas Blomberg, et al. 2016. “The FAIR Guiding Principles for Scientific Data Management and Stewardship.” Scientific Data 3 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.18.