A Review of Biotic Interactions and Taxon Names Found in globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm

by Nomer and Elton, two naive review bots

[email protected]

https://globalbioticinteractions.org/contribute

https://github.com/globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm/issues

2024-04-17

Abstract

Life on Earth is sustained by complex interactions between organisms and their environment. These biotic interactions can be captured in datasets and published digitally. We present a review process of such an openly accessible digital interactions dataset of known origin, and discuss its outcome. The dataset under review, named globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm, is 47.4MiB in size and contains 106,379 interaction with 2 unique types of associations (e.g., hasHost) between 5,804 primary taxon (e.g., Arthropoda) and 6,461 associated taxon (e.g., Microtus oeconomus). The report includes detailed summaries of interactions data as well as a taxonomic review from multiple catalogs.

Introduction

Data Review

Data review can be a time consuming process, especially when done manually. This review report aims to help facilitate data review of species interaction claims made in datasets registered with Global Biotic Interactions (Poelen, Simons, and Mungall 2014). The review includes summary statistics of, and observations about, the dataset under review:

Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology Collection (HWML) Parasite Collection (Arctos) - Version 1.8 http://ipt.vertnet.org:8080/ipt/archive.do?r=hwml_para 2024-04-13T05:13:29.651Z ba1726e355149e1893ee7742c5cab0e0ce963f04bd19ee19ef6ba24d26e1f63d

For additional metadata related to this dataset, please visit https://github.com/globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm and inspect associated metadata files including, but not limited to, README.md, eml.xml, and/or globi.json.

Methods

The review is performed through programmatic scripts that leverage tools like Preston, Elton, Nomer combined with third-party tools like grep, mlr, tail and head.

Tools used in this review process
tool name version
elton 0.13.2
nomer 0.5.7
mlr 6.0.0
pandoc 3.1.6.1

The review process can be described in the form of the script below 1.

# get versioned copy of the dataset (size approx. 47.4MiB) under review 
elton pull globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm

# generate review notes
elton review globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm\
 > review.tsv

# export indexed interaction records
elton interactions globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm\
 > interactions.tsv

# export names and align them with the Catalogue of Life using Nomer 
elton names globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm\
 | nomer append col\
 > name-alignment.tsv

or visually, in a process diagram.

review origin dataset origin elton Elton (a naive review bot) elton->origin pull (1) interactions indexed interactions elton->interactions generates (2) alignment name alignments nomer Nomer (a naive review bot) nomer->interactions extract names (3) nomer->alignment generates (5) catalog name catalog nomer->catalog uses (4)

You can find a recent copy of the full review script at check-data.sh.

Results

In the following sections, the results of the review are summarized 2. Then, links to the detailed review reports are provided.

Biotic Interactions

model primaryTaxon Primary Taxon associatedTaxon Associated Taxon primaryOrganism Primary Organism primaryOrganism->primaryTaxon classifiedAs associatedOrganism Associated Organism primaryOrganism->associatedOrganism interactsWith associatedOrganism->associatedTaxon classifiedAs

In this review, biotic interactions (or biotic associations) are modeled as a primary (aka subject, source) organism interacting with an associate (aka object, target) organism. The dataset under review classified the primary/associate organisms with specific taxa. The primary and associate organisms The kind of interaction is documented as an interaction type.

The dataset under review, named globalbioticinteractions/unl-nsm, is 47.4MiB in size and contains 106,379 interaction with 2 unique types of associations (e.g., hasHost) between 5,804 primary taxon (e.g., Arthropoda) and 6,461 associated taxon (e.g., Microtus oeconomus).

An exhaustive list of indexed interaction claims can be found in csv and tsv archives. To facilitate discovery, the first 500 claims available on the html page at indexed-interactions.html are shown below.

The exhaustive list was used to create the following data summaries below.

Sample of Indexed Interaction Claims
sourceTaxonName interactionTypeName targetTaxonName referenceCitation
Plasmodium attenuatum hasHost Ameiva ameiva http://arctos.database.museum/guid/HWML:Para:56959
Ornithodoros hasHost Tomopeas ravus http://arctos.database.museum/guid/HWML:Para:84771
Analges hasHost Corvus brachyrhynchos http://arctos.database.museum/guid/HWML:Para:85132
Arthropoda hasHost Porzana carolina http://arctos.database.museum/guid/HWML:Para:85160
Most Frequently Mentioned Interaction Types (up to 20 most frequent)
interactionTypeName count
hasHost 105465
parasiteOf 914
Most Frequently Mentioned Primary Taxa (up to 20 most frequent)
sourceTaxonName count
Arthropoda 5176
Amalaraeus dissimilis 2914
Pulex irritans 2866
Orchopeas caedens 2369
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica 1941
Euhoplopsyllus glacialis lynx 1858
Orchopeas sexdentatus 1748
Megabothris quirini 1709
Monopsyllus vison 1615
Orchopeas leucopus 1553
Megabothris calcarifer 1551
Hepatozoon 1541
Ceratophyllus riparius 1515
Monopsyllus wagneri 1426
Catallagia dacenkoi 1417
Thrassis bacchi 1356
Opisocrostis hirsutus 1215
Cestoda 1207
Acari 1173
Most Frequently Mentioned Associate Taxa (up to 20 most frequent)
targetTaxonName count
Microtus oeconomus 5084
Clethrionomys rutilus 4769
Peromyscus maniculatus 3732
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus 3199
Canis latrans 2270
Procyon lotor 1731
Riparia riparia 1539
Peromyscus leucopus 1343
Ammospermophilus leucurus 1319
Canis familiaris 1166
Lynx canadensis 1100
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota 994
Peromyscus 973
Cynomys ludovicianus 960
Takydromus tachydromoides 958
Microtus pennsylvanicus 945
Martes americana 820
Homo sapiens 777
Sylvilagus floridanus 733
Most Frequent Interactions between Primary and Associate Taxa (up to 20 most frequent)
sourceTaxonName interactionTypeName targetTaxonName count
Amalaraeus dissimilis hasHost Clethrionomys rutilus 1641
Monopsyllus vison hasHost Tamiasciurus hudsonicus 1484
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica hasHost Microtus oeconomus 1476
Orchopeas caedens hasHost Tamiasciurus hudsonicus 1414
Pulex irritans hasHost Canis latrans 1301
Ceratophyllus riparius hasHost Riparia riparia 1194
Megabothris calcarifer hasHost Microtus oeconomus 1143
Thrassis bacchi hasHost Ammospermophilus leucurus 1118
Monopsyllus wagneri hasHost Peromyscus maniculatus 1059
Megabothris quirini hasHost Clethrionomys rutilus 1044
Euhoplopsyllus glacialis lynx hasHost Lynx canadensis 986
Ceratophyllus scopulorum hasHost Petrochelidon pyrrhonota 861
Amalaraeus dissimilis hasHost Microtus oeconomus 799
Catallagia dacenkoi hasHost Clethrionomys rutilus 797
Opisocrostis hirsutus hasHost Cynomys ludovicianus 695
Orchopeas caedens hasHost Martes americana 545
Megabothris quirini hasHost Microtus oeconomus 527
Oropsylla idahoensis hasHost Citellus undulatus 491
Catallagia dacenkoi hasHost Microtus oeconomus 469

Interaction Networks

The figures below provide a graph view on the dataset under review. The first shows a summary network on the kingdom level, and the second shows how interactions on the family level. It is important to note that both network graphs were first aligned taxonomically using the Catalogue of Life. Please refer to the original (or verbatim) taxonomic names for a more original view on the interaction data.

interactions Animalia Animalia Animalia->Animalia Fungi Fungi Animalia->Fungi Plantae Plantae Animalia->Plantae Fungi->Animalia Plantae->Animalia Plantae->Plantae Bacteria Bacteria Bacteria->Animalia Bamfordvirae Bamfordvirae Bamfordvirae->Animalia Chromista Chromista Chromista->Animalia Protozoa Protozoa Protozoa->Animalia
interactions Aberrapecidae Aberrapecidae Myliobatidae Myliobatidae Aberrapecidae->Myliobatidae Acanthocolpidae Acanthocolpidae Arripidae Arripidae Acanthocolpidae->Arripidae Balistidae Balistidae Acanthocolpidae->Balistidae Carangidae Carangidae Acanthocolpidae->Carangidae Coryphaenidae Coryphaenidae Acanthocolpidae->Coryphaenidae Echeneidae Echeneidae Acanthocolpidae->Echeneidae Haemulidae Haemulidae Acanthocolpidae->Haemulidae Hemitripteridae Hemitripteridae Acanthocolpidae->Hemitripteridae Lutjanidae Lutjanidae Acanthocolpidae->Lutjanidae Malacanthidae Malacanthidae Acanthocolpidae->Malacanthidae Monacanthidae Monacanthidae Acanthocolpidae->Monacanthidae Moridae Moridae Acanthocolpidae->Moridae Moronidae Moronidae Acanthocolpidae->Moronidae Ostraciidae Ostraciidae Acanthocolpidae->Ostraciidae Paralichthyidae Paralichthyidae Acanthocolpidae->Paralichthyidae Phycidae Phycidae Acanthocolpidae->Phycidae Pleuronectidae Pleuronectidae Acanthocolpidae->Pleuronectidae Rachycentridae Rachycentridae Acanthocolpidae->Rachycentridae Sciaenidae Sciaenidae Acanthocolpidae->Sciaenidae Serranidae Serranidae Acanthocolpidae->Serranidae Sparidae Sparidae Acanthocolpidae->Sparidae Acanthocotylidae Acanthocotylidae Rajidae Rajidae Acanthocotylidae->Rajidae Accacoeliidae Accacoeliidae Accacoeliidae->Carangidae Accacoeliidae->Coryphaenidae Molidae Molidae Accacoeliidae->Molidae Acoleidae Acoleidae Recurvirostridae Recurvirostridae Acoleidae->Recurvirostridae Acrobothriidae Acrobothriidae Anarhichadidae Anarhichadidae Acrobothriidae->Anarhichadidae Cottidae Cottidae Acrobothriidae->Cottidae Salmonidae Salmonidae Acrobothriidae->Salmonidae Actinocephalidae Actinocephalidae Coenagrionidae Coenagrionidae Actinocephalidae->Coenagrionidae Acuariidae Acuariidae Anatidae Anatidae Acuariidae->Anatidae Gaviidae Gaviidae Acuariidae->Gaviidae Paridae Paridae Acuariidae->Paridae Phasianidae Phasianidae Acuariidae->Phasianidae Rallidae Rallidae Acuariidae->Rallidae Scolopacidae Scolopacidae Acuariidae->Scolopacidae Tyrannidae Tyrannidae Acuariidae->Tyrannidae Aephnidiogenidae Aephnidiogenidae Anguillidae Anguillidae Aephnidiogenidae->Anguillidae Percichthyidae Percichthyidae Aephnidiogenidae->Percichthyidae Aggregatidae Aggregatidae Scorpaenidae Scorpaenidae Aggregatidae->Scorpaenidae Allantonematidae Allantonematidae Curculionidae Curculionidae Allantonematidae->Curculionidae Allocreadiidae Allocreadiidae Allocreadiidae->Moronidae Allocreadiidae->Cottidae Allocreadiidae->Salmonidae Allocreadiidae->Anguillidae Acipenseridae Acipenseridae Allocreadiidae->Acipenseridae Amiidae Amiidae Allocreadiidae->Amiidae Bufonidae Bufonidae Allocreadiidae->Bufonidae Centrarchidae Centrarchidae Allocreadiidae->Centrarchidae Chelydridae Chelydridae Allocreadiidae->Chelydridae Cyprinidae Cyprinidae Allocreadiidae->Cyprinidae Dytiscidae Dytiscidae Allocreadiidae->Dytiscidae Ephemeridae Ephemeridae Allocreadiidae->Ephemeridae Gasterosteidae Gasterosteidae Allocreadiidae->Gasterosteidae Hiodontidae Hiodontidae Allocreadiidae->Hiodontidae Hyperoodontidae Hyperoodontidae Allocreadiidae->Hyperoodontidae Ictaluridae Ictaluridae Allocreadiidae->Ictaluridae Lotidae Lotidae Allocreadiidae->Lotidae Macrouridae Macrouridae Allocreadiidae->Macrouridae Percidae Percidae Allocreadiidae->Percidae Plethodontidae Plethodontidae Allocreadiidae->Plethodontidae Vespertilionidae Vespertilionidae Allocreadiidae->Vespertilionidae Allodiscocotylidae Allodiscocotylidae Allodiscocotylidae->Carangidae Centropomidae Centropomidae Allodiscocotylidae->Centropomidae Alloglossidiidae Alloglossidiidae Alloglossidiidae->Ictaluridae Allopyragraphoridae Allopyragraphoridae Allopyragraphoridae->Carangidae Amabiliidae Amabiliidae Podicipedidae Podicipedidae Amabiliidae->Podicipedidae Amidostomidae Amidostomidae Amidostomidae->Anatidae Amidostomidae->Rallidae Amphibiophilidae Amphibiophilidae Pyxicephalidae Pyxicephalidae Amphibiophilidae->Pyxicephalidae Amphilinidae Amphilinidae Amphilinidae->Acipenseridae Anaplasmataceae Anaplasmataceae Agamidae Agamidae Anaplasmataceae->Agamidae Craugastoridae Craugastoridae Anaplasmataceae->Craugastoridae Dicroglossidae Dicroglossidae Anaplasmataceae->Dicroglossidae Gekkonidae Gekkonidae Anaplasmataceae->Gekkonidae Hylidae Hylidae Anaplasmataceae->Hylidae Lacertidae Lacertidae Anaplasmataceae->Lacertidae Leptodactylidae Leptodactylidae Anaplasmataceae->Leptodactylidae Picidae Picidae Anaplasmataceae->Picidae Ranidae Ranidae Anaplasmataceae->Ranidae Scincidae Scincidae Anaplasmataceae->Scincidae Ancistronidae Ancistronidae Ancistronidae->Anatidae Gruidae Gruidae Ancistronidae->Gruidae Laridae Laridae Ancistronidae->Laridae Procellariidae Procellariidae Ancistronidae->Procellariidae Sulidae Sulidae Ancistronidae->Sulidae Ancylodiscoididae Ancylodiscoididae Claroteidae Claroteidae Ancylodiscoididae->Claroteidae Loricariidae Loricariidae Ancylodiscoididae->Loricariidae Mochokidae Mochokidae Ancylodiscoididae->Mochokidae Pimelodidae Pimelodidae Ancylodiscoididae->Pimelodidae Schilbeidae Schilbeidae Ancylodiscoididae->Schilbeidae Ancylostomatidae Ancylostomatidae Bovidae Bovidae Ancylostomatidae->Bovidae Canidae Canidae Ancylostomatidae->Canidae Felidae Felidae Ancylostomatidae->Felidae Herpestidae Herpestidae Ancylostomatidae->Herpestidae Otariidae Otariidae Ancylostomatidae->Otariidae Viverridae Viverridae Ancylostomatidae->Viverridae Ancyrocephalidae Ancyrocephalidae Ancyrocephalidae->Moronidae Ancyrocephalidae->Ostraciidae Ancyrocephalidae->Centrarchidae Ancyrocephalidae->Ictaluridae Ancyrocephalidae->Percidae Ancyrocephalidae->Pimelodidae Acanthuridae Acanthuridae Ancyrocephalidae->Acanthuridae Alestidae Alestidae Ancyrocephalidae->Alestidae Anostomidae Anostomidae Ancyrocephalidae->Anostomidae Arapaimidae Arapaimidae Ancyrocephalidae->Arapaimidae Bryconidae Bryconidae Ancyrocephalidae->Bryconidae Chaetodontidae Chaetodontidae Ancyrocephalidae->Chaetodontidae Characidae Characidae Ancyrocephalidae->Characidae Cichlidae Cichlidae Ancyrocephalidae->Cichlidae Crenuchidae Crenuchidae Ancyrocephalidae->Crenuchidae Curimatidae Curimatidae Ancyrocephalidae->Curimatidae Doradidae Doradidae Ancyrocephalidae->Doradidae Erythrinidae Erythrinidae Ancyrocephalidae->Erythrinidae Esocidae Esocidae Ancyrocephalidae->Esocidae Fundulidae Fundulidae Ancyrocephalidae->Fundulidae Gymnotidae Gymnotidae Ancyrocephalidae->Gymnotidae Heptapteridae Heptapteridae Ancyrocephalidae->Heptapteridae Iguanodectidae Iguanodectidae Ancyrocephalidae->Iguanodectidae Labridae Labridae Ancyrocephalidae->Labridae Poeciliidae Poeciliidae Ancyrocephalidae->Poeciliidae Prochilodontidae Prochilodontidae Ancyrocephalidae->Prochilodontidae Serrasalmidae Serrasalmidae Ancyrocephalidae->Serrasalmidae Sternopygidae Sternopygidae Ancyrocephalidae->Sternopygidae Triportheidae Triportheidae Ancyrocephalidae->Triportheidae Zanclidae Zanclidae Ancyrocephalidae->Zanclidae Anguinidae Anguinidae Anguinidae->Curculionidae Pinaceae Pinaceae Anguinidae->Pinaceae Anisakidae Anisakidae Anisakidae->Coryphaenidae Anisakidae->Paralichthyidae Anisakidae->Laridae Accipitridae Accipitridae Anisakidae->Accipitridae Ardeidae Ardeidae Anisakidae->Ardeidae Atherinopsidae Atherinopsidae Anisakidae->Atherinopsidae Balaenopteridae Balaenopteridae Anisakidae->Balaenopteridae Ciconiidae Ciconiidae Anisakidae->Ciconiidae Corynidae Corynidae Anisakidae->Corynidae Pandionidae Pandionidae Anisakidae->Pandionidae Pelecanidae Pelecanidae Anisakidae->Pelecanidae Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocoracidae Anisakidae->Phalacrocoracidae Phocidae Phocidae Anisakidae->Phocidae Procyonidae Procyonidae Anisakidae->Procyonidae Trionychidae Trionychidae Anisakidae->Trionychidae Anthocephaliidae Anthocephaliidae Dasyatidae Dasyatidae Anthocephaliidae->Dasyatidae Urotrygonidae Urotrygonidae Anthocephaliidae->Urotrygonidae Aphelenchoididae Aphelenchoididae Aphelenchoididae->Curculionidae Aporcelaimidae Aporcelaimidae Aporcelaimidae->Curculionidae Aporocotylidae Aporocotylidae Aporocotylidae->Balistidae Aporocotylidae->Lutjanidae Aporocotylidae->Sciaenidae Aporocotylidae->Serranidae Aporocotylidae->Salmonidae Aporocotylidae->Cyprinidae Gadidae Gadidae Aporocotylidae->Gadidae Kyphosidae Kyphosidae Aporocotylidae->Kyphosidae Merlucciidae Merlucciidae Aporocotylidae->Merlucciidae Mugilidae Mugilidae Aporocotylidae->Mugilidae Sebastidae Sebastidae Aporocotylidae->Sebastidae Apororhynchidae Apororhynchidae Parulidae Parulidae Apororhynchidae->Parulidae Argasidae Argasidae Argasidae->Vespertilionidae Argasidae->Laridae Argasidae->Bovidae Argasidae->Canidae Argasidae->Pelecanidae Cathartidae Cathartidae Argasidae->Cathartidae Cervidae Cervidae Argasidae->Cervidae Corvidae Corvidae Argasidae->Corvidae Cricetidae Cricetidae Argasidae->Cricetidae Didelphidae Didelphidae Argasidae->Didelphidae Diomedeidae Diomedeidae Argasidae->Diomedeidae Hirundinidae Hirundinidae Argasidae->Hirundinidae Molossidae Molossidae Argasidae->Molossidae Odontophoridae Odontophoridae Argasidae->Odontophoridae Pteropodidae Pteropodidae Argasidae->Pteropodidae Sciuridae Sciuridae Argasidae->Sciuridae Testudinidae Testudinidae Argasidae->Testudinidae Arhythmacanthidae Arhythmacanthidae Cynoglossidae Cynoglossidae Arhythmacanthidae->Cynoglossidae Ascarididae Ascarididae Ascarididae->Bovidae Ascarididae->Canidae Ascarididae->Felidae Ascarididae->Viverridae Ascarididae->Accipitridae Ascarididae->Ardeidae Ascarididae->Procyonidae Ascarididae->Cricetidae Equidae Equidae Ascarididae->Equidae Geomyidae Geomyidae Ascarididae->Geomyidae Mephitidae Mephitidae Ascarididae->Mephitidae Mustelidae Mustelidae Ascarididae->Mustelidae Strigidae Strigidae Ascarididae->Strigidae Suidae Suidae Ascarididae->Suidae Ursidae Ursidae Ascarididae->Ursidae Viperidae Viperidae Ascarididae->Viperidae Ascaridiidae Ascaridiidae Ascaridiidae->Anatidae Ascaridiidae->Phasianidae Ascaridiidae->Cathartidae Ascaridiidae->Mephitidae Ascaridiidae->Strigidae Aspidogastridae Aspidogastridae Aspidogastridae->Carangidae Aspidogastridae->Sciaenidae Aspidogastridae->Sparidae Cheloniidae Cheloniidae Aspidogastridae->Cheloniidae Emydidae Emydidae Aspidogastridae->Emydidae Unionidae Unionidae Aspidogastridae->Unionidae Unionidae->Cottidae Asteraceae Asteraceae Asteraceae->Anatidae Asteraceae->Gaviidae Asteraceae->Phasianidae Asteraceae->Rallidae Asteraceae->Scolopacidae Asteraceae->Picidae Asteraceae->Laridae Asteraceae->Procyonidae Asteraceae->Trionychidae Asteraceae->Corvidae Asteraceae->Cricetidae Asteraceae->Sciuridae Asteraceae->Geomyidae Asteraceae->Strigidae Charadriidae Charadriidae Asteraceae->Charadriidae Cyclopidae Cyclopidae Asteraceae->Cyclopidae Erinaceidae Erinaceidae Asteraceae->Erinaceidae Icteridae Icteridae Asteraceae->Icteridae Laniidae Laniidae Asteraceae->Laniidae Leiothrichidae Leiothrichidae Asteraceae->Leiothrichidae Muridae Muridae Asteraceae->Muridae Muscicapidae Muscicapidae Asteraceae->Muscicapidae Soricidae Soricidae Asteraceae->Soricidae Sturnidae Sturnidae Asteraceae->Sturnidae Timaliidae Timaliidae Asteraceae->Timaliidae Turdidae Turdidae Asteraceae->Turdidae Atractidae Atractidae Geoemydidae Geoemydidae Atractidae->Geoemydidae Axinidae Axinidae Axinidae->Kyphosidae Azygiidae Azygiidae Azygiidae->Rajidae Azygiidae->Cottidae Azygiidae->Amiidae Azygiidae->Centrarchidae Azygiidae->Percidae Azygiidae->Esocidae Hexanchidae Hexanchidae Azygiidae->Hexanchidae Pleuroceridae Pleuroceridae Azygiidae->Pleuroceridae Baccigeridae Baccigeridae Atherinidae Atherinidae Baccigeridae->Atherinidae Clupeidae Clupeidae Baccigeridae->Clupeidae Pristigasteridae Pristigasteridae Baccigeridae->Pristigasteridae Balanotaeniidae Balanotaeniidae Plotosidae Plotosidae Balanotaeniidae->Plotosidae Bivesiculidae Bivesiculidae Bivesiculidae->Serranidae Megalopidae Megalopidae Bivesiculidae->Megalopidae Blattisociidae Blattisociidae Dipodidae Dipodidae Blattisociidae->Dipodidae Boletaceae Boletaceae Boletaceae->Cricetidae Boopiidae Boopiidae Boopiidae->Canidae Macropodidae Macropodidae Boopiidae->Macropodidae Bothitrematidae Bothitrematidae Achiropsettidae Achiropsettidae Bothitrematidae->Achiropsettidae Bothriocephalidae Bothriocephalidae Bothriocephalidae->Moronidae Bothriocephalidae->Cottidae Bothriocephalidae->Centrarchidae Bothriocephalidae->Cyprinidae Bothriocephalidae->Percidae Bothriocephalidae->Poeciliidae Bothriocephalidae->Sebastidae Synodontidae Synodontidae Bothriocephalidae->Synodontidae Botulisaccidae Botulisaccidae Albulidae Albulidae Botulisaccidae->Albulidae Brachycladiidae Brachycladiidae Brachycladiidae->Phocidae Brachycladiidae->Mustelidae Delphinidae Delphinidae Brachycladiidae->Delphinidae Odobenidae Odobenidae Brachycladiidae->Odobenidae Phocoenidae Phocoenidae Brachycladiidae->Phocoenidae Brachycoeliidae Brachycoeliidae Brachycoeliidae->Plethodontidae Brachycoeliidae->Hylidae Brachycoeliidae->Ranidae Brachycoeliidae->Cheloniidae Ambystomatidae Ambystomatidae Brachycoeliidae->Ambystomatidae Salamandridae Salamandridae Brachycoeliidae->Salamandridae Brachylaimidae Brachylaimidae Brachylaimidae->Soricidae Colubridae Colubridae Brachylaimidae->Colubridae Branchiobdellidae Branchiobdellidae Cambaridae Cambaridae Branchiobdellidae->Cambaridae Brevibuccidae Brevibuccidae Brevibuccidae->Curculionidae Bucephalidae Bucephalidae Bucephalidae->Arripidae Bucephalidae->Carangidae Bucephalidae->Haemulidae Bucephalidae->Hemitripteridae Bucephalidae->Moronidae Bucephalidae->Paralichthyidae Bucephalidae->Sciaenidae Bucephalidae->Serranidae Bucephalidae->Cottidae Bucephalidae->Salmonidae Bucephalidae->Scorpaenidae Bucephalidae->Centrarchidae Bucephalidae->Hiodontidae Bucephalidae->Macrouridae Bucephalidae->Percidae Bucephalidae->Atherinopsidae Bucephalidae->Sebastidae Acropomatidae Acropomatidae Bucephalidae->Acropomatidae Congridae Congridae Bucephalidae->Congridae Cyclopteridae Cyclopteridae Bucephalidae->Cyclopteridae Hexagrammidae Hexagrammidae Bucephalidae->Hexagrammidae Lepisosteidae Lepisosteidae Bucephalidae->Lepisosteidae Lophiidae Lophiidae Bucephalidae->Lophiidae Mullidae Mullidae Bucephalidae->Mullidae Muraenidae Muraenidae Bucephalidae->Muraenidae Polynemidae Polynemidae Bucephalidae->Polynemidae Pomatomidae Pomatomidae Bucephalidae->Pomatomidae Priacanthidae Priacanthidae Bucephalidae->Priacanthidae Scombridae Scombridae Bucephalidae->Scombridae Sphyraenidae Sphyraenidae Bucephalidae->Sphyraenidae Trichiuridae Trichiuridae Bucephalidae->Trichiuridae Uranoscopidae Uranoscopidae Bucephalidae->Uranoscopidae Bunocotylidae Bunocotylidae Bunocotylidae->Hemitripteridae Bunocotylidae->Pleuronectidae Bunocotylidae->Cottidae Bunocotylidae->Acanthuridae Bunocotylidae->Kyphosidae Bunocotylidae->Mugilidae Bunocotylidae->Hexagrammidae Cheilodactylidae Cheilodactylidae Bunocotylidae->Cheilodactylidae Liparidae Liparidae Bunocotylidae->Liparidae Pomacentridae Pomacentridae Bunocotylidae->Pomacentridae Psychrolutidae Psychrolutidae Bunocotylidae->Psychrolutidae Siganidae Siganidae Bunocotylidae->Siganidae Stichaeidae Stichaeidae Bunocotylidae->Stichaeidae Bunonematidae Bunonematidae Bunonematidae->Curculionidae Cenangiaceae Cenangiaceae Bunonematidae->Cenangiaceae Caligidae Caligidae Caligidae->Pleuronectidae Caligidae->Molidae Calliobothriidae Calliobothriidae Triakidae Triakidae Calliobothriidae->Triakidae Callodistomidae Callodistomidae Callodistomidae->Ictaluridae Camallanidae Camallanidae Camallanidae->Moronidae Camallanidae->Centrarchidae Camallanidae->Poeciliidae Catostomidae Catostomidae Camallanidae->Catostomidae Capillariidae Capillariidae Capillariidae->Anatidae Capillariidae->Phasianidae Capillariidae->Scolopacidae Capillariidae->Laridae Capillariidae->Charadriidae Capingentidae Capingentidae Capingentidae->Catostomidae Capsalidae Capsalidae Capsalidae->Lutjanidae Capsalidae->Paralichthyidae Capsalidae->Pleuronectidae Capsalidae->Sparidae Capsalidae->Molidae Capsalidae->Acipenseridae Capsalidae->Labridae Capsalidae->Kyphosidae Capsalidae->Sebastidae Capsalidae->Hexagrammidae Capsalidae->Scombridae Istiophoridae Istiophoridae Capsalidae->Istiophoridae Xiphiidae Xiphiidae Capsalidae->Xiphiidae Carnidae Carnidae Carnidae->Picidae Falconidae Falconidae Carnidae->Falconidae Caryophyllaeidae Caryophyllaeidae Caryophyllaeidae->Cyprinidae Caryophyllaeidae->Mochokidae Caryophyllaeidae->Catostomidae Naididae Naididae Caryophyllaeidae->Naididae Planorbidae Planorbidae Naididae->Planorbidae Cavisomidae Cavisomidae Cavisomidae->Doradidae Cavisomidae->Kyphosidae Centrorhynchidae Centrorhynchidae Centrorhynchidae->Bufonidae Centrorhynchidae->Dicroglossidae Centrorhynchidae->Felidae Centrorhynchidae->Accipitridae Centrorhynchidae->Corvidae Centrorhynchidae->Didelphidae Centrorhynchidae->Mephitidae Centrorhynchidae->Mustelidae Centrorhynchidae->Strigidae Centrorhynchidae->Turdidae Centrorhynchidae->Falconidae Alaudidae Alaudidae Centrorhynchidae->Alaudidae Burhinidae Burhinidae Centrorhynchidae->Burhinidae Carphodactylidae Carphodactylidae Centrorhynchidae->Carphodactylidae Cuculidae Cuculidae Centrorhynchidae->Cuculidae Noctilionidae Noctilionidae Centrorhynchidae->Noctilionidae Teiidae Teiidae Centrorhynchidae->Teiidae Threskiornithidae Threskiornithidae Centrorhynchidae->Threskiornithidae Tytonidae Tytonidae Centrorhynchidae->Tytonidae Cephalobidae Cephalobidae Cephalobidae->Curculionidae Cephalobothriidae Cephalobothriidae Cephalobothriidae->Myliobatidae Cephalochlamydidae Cephalochlamydidae Pipidae Pipidae Cephalochlamydidae->Pipidae Cephalogonimidae Cephalogonimidae Cephalogonimidae->Ranidae Ceratophyllidae Ceratophyllidae Ceratophyllidae->Anatidae Ceratophyllidae->Phasianidae Ceratophyllidae->Picidae Ceratophyllidae->Laridae Ceratophyllidae->Canidae Ceratophyllidae->Felidae Ceratophyllidae->Phalacrocoracidae Ceratophyllidae->Procyonidae Ceratophyllidae->Cathartidae Ceratophyllidae->Corvidae Ceratophyllidae->Cricetidae Ceratophyllidae->Didelphidae Ceratophyllidae->Hirundinidae Ceratophyllidae->Sciuridae Ceratophyllidae->Geomyidae Ceratophyllidae->Mephitidae Ceratophyllidae->Mustelidae Ceratophyllidae->Strigidae Ceratophyllidae->Muridae Ceratophyllidae->Soricidae Ceratophyllidae->Turdidae Ceratophyllidae->Dipodidae Ceratophyllidae->Tytonidae Ceratophyllidae->Ceratophyllidae Alcedinidae Alcedinidae Ceratophyllidae->Alcedinidae Castoridae Castoridae Ceratophyllidae->Castoridae Cercopithecidae Cercopithecidae Ceratophyllidae->Cercopithecidae Erethizontidae Erethizontidae Ceratophyllidae->Erethizontidae Fringillidae Fringillidae Ceratophyllidae->Fringillidae Gliridae Gliridae Ceratophyllidae->Gliridae Heteromyidae Heteromyidae Ceratophyllidae->Heteromyidae Hominidae Hominidae Ceratophyllidae->Hominidae Leporidae Leporidae Ceratophyllidae->Leporidae Ochotonidae Ochotonidae Ceratophyllidae->Ochotonidae Passerellidae Passerellidae Ceratophyllidae->Passerellidae Passeridae Passeridae Ceratophyllidae->Passeridae Phylloscopidae Phylloscopidae Ceratophyllidae->Phylloscopidae Tupaiidae Tupaiidae Ceratophyllidae->Tupaiidae Chambersiellidae Chambersiellidae Chambersiellidae->Curculionidae Chauhaneidae Chauhaneidae Chauhaneidae->Carangidae Chauhaneidae->Sphyraenidae Chelatrematidae Chelatrematidae Umbridae Umbridae Chelatrematidae->Umbridae Cheyletidae Cheyletidae Cheyletidae->Sturnidae Cheyletidae->Alcedinidae Cheyletidae->Leporidae Hippoboscidae Hippoboscidae Cheyletidae->Hippoboscidae Hippoboscidae->Paridae Hippoboscidae->Phasianidae Hippoboscidae->Scolopacidae Hippoboscidae->Vespertilionidae Hippoboscidae->Picidae Hippoboscidae->Bovidae Hippoboscidae->Felidae Hippoboscidae->Accipitridae Hippoboscidae->Ardeidae Hippoboscidae->Pandionidae Hippoboscidae->Parulidae Hippoboscidae->Cathartidae Hippoboscidae->Cervidae Hippoboscidae->Corvidae Hippoboscidae->Molossidae Hippoboscidae->Odontophoridae Hippoboscidae->Pteropodidae Hippoboscidae->Strigidae Hippoboscidae->Turdidae Hippoboscidae->Falconidae Hippoboscidae->Cuculidae Hippoboscidae->Noctilionidae Hippoboscidae->Fringillidae Hippoboscidae->Hominidae Hippoboscidae->Passerellidae Hippoboscidae->Passeridae Apodidae Apodidae Hippoboscidae->Apodidae Columbidae Columbidae Hippoboscidae->Columbidae Mimidae Mimidae Hippoboscidae->Mimidae Cardinalidae Cardinalidae Hippoboscidae->Cardinalidae Fregatidae Fregatidae Hippoboscidae->Fregatidae Caprimulgidae Caprimulgidae Hippoboscidae->Caprimulgidae Emballonuridae Emballonuridae Hippoboscidae->Emballonuridae Miniopteridae Miniopteridae Hippoboscidae->Miniopteridae Mormoopidae Mormoopidae Hippoboscidae->Mormoopidae Nycteridae Nycteridae Hippoboscidae->Nycteridae Phyllostomidae Phyllostomidae Hippoboscidae->Phyllostomidae Rhinolophidae Rhinolophidae Hippoboscidae->Rhinolophidae Trochilidae Trochilidae Hippoboscidae->Trochilidae Chimaericolidae Chimaericolidae Callorhinchidae Callorhinchidae Chimaericolidae->Callorhinchidae Chimaeridae Chimaeridae Chimaericolidae->Chimaeridae Chimaeropsyllidae Chimaeropsyllidae Chimaeropsyllidae->Muridae Chlamydiaceae Chlamydiaceae Chamaeleonidae Chamaeleonidae Chlamydiaceae->Chamaeleonidae Chondracanthidae Chondracanthidae Chondracanthidae->Pleuronectidae Chondracanthidae->Chimaeridae Chordodidae Chordodidae Gryllidae Gryllidae Chordodidae->Gryllidae Cimicidae Cimicidae Cimicidae->Anatidae Cimicidae->Vespertilionidae Cimicidae->Cathartidae Cimicidae->Cricetidae Cimicidae->Hirundinidae Cimicidae->Molossidae Cimicidae->Sciuridae Cimicidae->Falconidae Cimicidae->Tytonidae Cimicidae->Hominidae Cimicidae->Passeridae Cimicidae->Apodidae Cladorchiidae Cladorchiidae Cladorchiidae->Bufonidae Cladorchiidae->Centrarchidae Cladorchiidae->Ictaluridae Cladorchiidae->Ranidae Cladorchiidae->Cichlidae Cladorchiidae->Serrasalmidae Cladorchiidae->Kyphosidae Cladorchiidae->Emydidae Cladorchiidae->Ambystomatidae Cladorchiidae->Salamandridae Cladorchiidae->Colubridae Amphiumidae Amphiumidae Cladorchiidae->Amphiumidae Hypopomidae Hypopomidae Cladorchiidae->Hypopomidae Pomacanthidae Pomacanthidae Cladorchiidae->Pomacanthidae Tapiridae Tapiridae Cladorchiidae->Tapiridae Clinostomidae Clinostomidae Clinostomidae->Salmonidae Clinostomidae->Centrarchidae Clinostomidae->Ictaluridae Clinostomidae->Percidae Clinostomidae->Ranidae Clinostomidae->Laridae Clinostomidae->Heptapteridae Clinostomidae->Ardeidae Clinostomidae->Pandionidae Clinostomidae->Phalacrocoracidae Clinostomidae->Procyonidae Clinostomidae->Mugilidae Clinostomidae->Strigidae Clinostomidae->Ambystomatidae Clariidae Clariidae Clinostomidae->Clariidae Cobbonchidae Cobbonchidae Cobbonchidae->Curculionidae Colpocephalidae Colpocephalidae Colpocephalidae->Accipitridae Colpocephalidae->Cathartidae Colpocephalidae->Threskiornithidae Cosmocercidae Cosmocercidae Cosmocercidae->Dicroglossidae Cryptogonimidae Cryptogonimidae Cryptogonimidae->Lutjanidae Cryptogonimidae->Moronidae Cryptogonimidae->Paralichthyidae Cryptogonimidae->Serranidae Cryptogonimidae->Sparidae Cryptogonimidae->Anguillidae Cryptogonimidae->Centrarchidae Cryptogonimidae->Ictaluridae Cryptogonimidae->Percidae Cryptogonimidae->Heptapteridae Cryptogonimidae->Albulidae Cryptogonimidae->Colubridae Cryptogonimidae->Uranoscopidae Alligatoridae Alligatoridae Cryptogonimidae->Alligatoridae Batrachoididae Batrachoididae Cryptogonimidae->Batrachoididae Crocodylidae Crocodylidae Cryptogonimidae->Crocodylidae Lethrinidae Lethrinidae Cryptogonimidae->Lethrinidae Ophidiidae Ophidiidae Cryptogonimidae->Ophidiidae Percopsidae Percopsidae Cryptogonimidae->Percopsidae Terapontidae Terapontidae Cryptogonimidae->Terapontidae Cryptotropidae Cryptotropidae Cryptotropidae->Ambystomatidae Cryptotropidae->Salamandridae Ctenophthalmidae Ctenophthalmidae Ctenophthalmidae->Canidae Ctenophthalmidae->Felidae Ctenophthalmidae->Procyonidae Ctenophthalmidae->Corvidae Ctenophthalmidae->Cricetidae Ctenophthalmidae->Didelphidae Ctenophthalmidae->Sciuridae Ctenophthalmidae->Geomyidae Ctenophthalmidae->Mephitidae Ctenophthalmidae->Mustelidae Ctenophthalmidae->Muridae Ctenophthalmidae->Soricidae Ctenophthalmidae->Dipodidae Ctenophthalmidae->Fringillidae Ctenophthalmidae->Heteromyidae Ctenophthalmidae->Hominidae Ctenophthalmidae->Leporidae Ctenophthalmidae->Ochotonidae Aplodontiidae Aplodontiidae Ctenophthalmidae->Aplodontiidae Spalacidae Spalacidae Ctenophthalmidae->Spalacidae Talpidae Talpidae Ctenophthalmidae->Talpidae Trochidae Trochidae Ctenophthalmidae->Trochidae Cucullanidae Cucullanidae Cucullanidae->Pleuronectidae Cucullanidae->Centrarchidae Cucullanidae->Mugilidae Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalidae Cucullanidae->Ogcocephalidae Cyathocotylidae Cyathocotylidae Cyathocotylidae->Gaviidae Cyathocotylidae->Laridae Cyathocotylidae->Accipitridae Cyathocotylidae->Pandionidae Cyathocotylidae->Pelecanidae Cyathocotylidae->Phalacrocoracidae Cyathocotylidae->Cathartidae Cyclocoelidae Cyclocoelidae Cyclocoelidae->Recurvirostridae Cyclocoelidae->Anatidae Cyclocoelidae->Rallidae Cyclocoelidae->Scolopacidae Cyclocoelidae->Picidae Cyclocoelidae->Cichlidae Cyclocoelidae->Accipitridae Cyclocoelidae->Charadriidae Cyclocoelidae->Clariidae Irenidae Irenidae Cyclocoelidae->Irenidae Mormyridae Mormyridae Cyclocoelidae->Mormyridae Cystidicolidae Cystidicolidae Cystidicolidae->Poeciliidae Dactylogyridae Dactylogyridae Dactylogyridae->Moronidae Dactylogyridae->Centrarchidae Dactylogyridae->Cyprinidae Dactylogyridae->Gasterosteidae Dactylogyridae->Schilbeidae Dactylogyridae->Catostomidae Dactylosomatidae Dactylosomatidae Dactylosomatidae->Hylidae Dactylosomatidae->Leptodactylidae Dactylosomatidae->Ranidae Davaineidae Davaineidae Davaineidae->Phasianidae Davaineidae->Scolopacidae Davaineidae->Leporidae Dermanyssidae Dermanyssidae Dermanyssidae->Picidae Dermanyssidae->Hirundinidae Dermanyssidae->Hominidae Dermanyssidae->Passeridae Dermanyssidae->Columbidae Dermanyssidae->Mimidae Derogenidae Derogenidae Derogenidae->Haemulidae Derogenidae->Hemitripteridae Derogenidae->Monacanthidae Derogenidae->Moridae Derogenidae->Phycidae Derogenidae->Pleuronectidae Derogenidae->Sciaenidae Derogenidae->Serranidae Derogenidae->Cottidae Derogenidae->Salmonidae Derogenidae->Scorpaenidae Derogenidae->Macrouridae Derogenidae->Ranidae Derogenidae->Characidae Derogenidae->Gadidae Derogenidae->Merlucciidae Derogenidae->Sebastidae Derogenidae->Ambystomatidae Derogenidae->Salamandridae Derogenidae->Congridae Derogenidae->Hexagrammidae Derogenidae->Amphiumidae Derogenidae->Ophidiidae Cyttidae Cyttidae Derogenidae->Cyttidae Derogenidae->Planorbidae Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygonidae Derogenidae->Potamotrygonidae Setarchidae Setarchidae Derogenidae->Setarchidae Zoarcidae Zoarcidae Derogenidae->Zoarcidae Diaphanocephalidae Diaphanocephalidae Diaphanocephalidae->Colubridae Diclidophoridae Diclidophoridae Diclidophoridae->Haemulidae Diclidophoridae->Malacanthidae Diclidophoridae->Moridae Diclidophoridae->Pleuronectidae Diclidophoridae->Sciaenidae Diclidophoridae->Macrouridae Diclidophoridae->Synodontidae Myctophidae Myctophidae Diclidophoridae->Myctophidae Diclybothriidae Diclybothriidae Diclybothriidae->Acipenseridae Diclybothriidae->Threskiornithidae Polyodontidae Polyodontidae Diclybothriidae->Polyodontidae Dicrocoeliidae Dicrocoeliidae Dicrocoeliidae->Rallidae Dicrocoeliidae->Scolopacidae Dicrocoeliidae->Tyrannidae Dicrocoeliidae->Ranidae Dicrocoeliidae->Bovidae Dicrocoeliidae->Felidae Dicrocoeliidae->Procyonidae Dicrocoeliidae->Parulidae Dicrocoeliidae->Cricetidae Dicrocoeliidae->Strigidae Dicrocoeliidae->Icteridae Dicrocoeliidae->Turdidae Dicrocoeliidae->Colubridae Dicrocoeliidae->Falconidae Dicrocoeliidae->Cuculidae Dicrocoeliidae->Passerellidae Dicrocoeliidae->Cardinalidae Cotingidae Cotingidae Dicrocoeliidae->Cotingidae Formicariidae Formicariidae Dicrocoeliidae->Formicariidae Furnariidae Furnariidae Dicrocoeliidae->Furnariidae Momotidae Momotidae Dicrocoeliidae->Momotidae Pipridae Pipridae Dicrocoeliidae->Pipridae Polioptilidae Polioptilidae Dicrocoeliidae->Polioptilidae Thamnophilidae Thamnophilidae Dicrocoeliidae->Thamnophilidae Thraupidae Thraupidae Dicrocoeliidae->Thraupidae Tinamidae Tinamidae Dicrocoeliidae->Tinamidae Troglodytidae Troglodytidae Dicrocoeliidae->Troglodytidae Trogonidae Trogonidae Dicrocoeliidae->Trogonidae Vireonidae Vireonidae Dicrocoeliidae->Vireonidae Dictysarcidae Dictysarcidae Dictysarcidae->Muraenidae Dicyemidae Dicyemidae Octopodidae Octopodidae Dicyemidae->Octopodidae Didymozoidae Didymozoidae Didymozoidae->Sciaenidae Didymozoidae->Scombridae Didymozoidae->Catostomidae Bramidae Bramidae Didymozoidae->Bramidae Dilepididae Dilepididae Dilepididae->Anatidae Dilepididae->Phasianidae Dilepididae->Scolopacidae Dilepididae->Laridae Dilepididae->Acanthuridae Dilepididae->Ardeidae Dilepididae->Corvidae Dilepididae->Hirundinidae Dilepididae->Charadriidae Dilepididae->Icteridae Dilepididae->Turdidae Dilepididae->Leporidae Dilepididae->Apodidae Motacillidae Motacillidae Dilepididae->Motacillidae Dioctophymatidae Dioctophymatidae Dioctophymatidae->Gaviidae Dioctophymatidae->Rallidae Dioctophymatidae->Ictaluridae Dioctophymatidae->Ardeidae Dioctophymatidae->Mustelidae Dioecotaeniidae Dioecotaeniidae Dioecotaeniidae->Myliobatidae Diphyllobothriidae Diphyllobothriidae Diphyllobothriidae->Salmonidae Diphyllobothriidae->Anatidae Diphyllobothriidae->Rallidae Diphyllobothriidae->Podicipedidae Diphyllobothriidae->Laridae Diphyllobothriidae->Canidae Diphyllobothriidae->Felidae Diphyllobothriidae->Otariidae Diphyllobothriidae->Phalacrocoracidae Diphyllobothriidae->Procyonidae Diphyllobothriidae->Ursidae Diphyllobothriidae->Hominidae Diplangidae Diplangidae Diplangidae->Balistidae Diplangidae->Haemulidae Diplangidae->Sciaenidae Diplectanidae Diplectanidae Diplectanidae->Serranidae Diplodiscidae Diplodiscidae Diplodiscidae->Ranidae Diplodiscidae->Salamandridae Diplogastridae Diplogastridae Diplogastridae->Curculionidae Diplogastridae->Cenangiaceae Ceratocystidaceae Ceratocystidaceae Diplogastridae->Ceratocystidaceae Diplostomidae Diplostomidae Diplostomidae->Anatidae Diplostomidae->Gaviidae Diplostomidae->Scolopacidae Diplostomidae->Centrarchidae Diplostomidae->Cyprinidae Diplostomidae->Gasterosteidae Diplostomidae->Ictaluridae Diplostomidae->Hylidae Diplostomidae->Ranidae Diplostomidae->Laridae Diplostomidae->Sulidae Diplostomidae->Canidae Diplostomidae->Felidae Diplostomidae->Esocidae Diplostomidae->Accipitridae Diplostomidae->Ardeidae Diplostomidae->Ciconiidae Diplostomidae->Pandionidae Diplostomidae->Pelecanidae Diplostomidae->Phalacrocoracidae Diplostomidae->Procyonidae Diplostomidae->Cricetidae Diplostomidae->Didelphidae Diplostomidae->Odontophoridae Diplostomidae->Mephitidae Diplostomidae->Mustelidae Diplostomidae->Strigidae Diplostomidae->Muridae Diplostomidae->Clupeidae Diplostomidae->Catostomidae Diplostomidae->Alcedinidae Diplotriaenidae Diplotriaenidae Diplotriaenidae->Hirundinidae Diplotriaenidae->Icteridae Diplozoidae Diplozoidae Diplozoidae->Cyprinidae Dipylidiidae Dipylidiidae Dipylidiidae->Canidae Dipylidiidae->Felidae Discocotylidae Discocotylidae Discocotylidae->Carangidae Discocotylidae->Merlucciidae Dorylaimidae Dorylaimidae Dorylaimidae->Curculionidae Echeneibothriidae Echeneibothriidae Echeneibothriidae->Myliobatidae Echeneibothriidae->Rajidae Echeneibothriidae->Dasyatidae Echinobothriidae Echinobothriidae Echinobothriidae->Dasyatidae Rhinobatidae Rhinobatidae Echinobothriidae->Rhinobatidae Echinochasmidae Echinochasmidae Echinochasmidae->Gaviidae Echinochasmidae->Laridae Echinochasmidae->Accipitridae Echinochasmidae->Ardeidae Echinochasmidae->Ciconiidae Echinochasmidae->Pandionidae Echinochasmidae->Pelecanidae Echinochasmidae->Corvidae Echinochasmidae->Cricetidae Echinochasmidae->Mustelidae Echinochasmidae->Falconidae Echinophallidae Echinophallidae Echinophallidae->Sebastidae Echinophthiriidae Echinophthiriidae Echinophthiriidae->Otariidae Echinophthiriidae->Phocidae Echinophthiriidae->Mustelidae Echinophthiriidae->Odobenidae Echinorhynchidae Echinorhynchidae Echinorhynchidae->Hemitripteridae Echinorhynchidae->Pleuronectidae Echinorhynchidae->Sciaenidae Echinorhynchidae->Cottidae Echinorhynchidae->Salmonidae Echinorhynchidae->Anguillidae Echinorhynchidae->Centrarchidae Echinorhynchidae->Cyprinidae Echinorhynchidae->Percidae Echinorhynchidae->Ranidae Echinorhynchidae->Esocidae Echinorhynchidae->Fundulidae Echinorhynchidae->Gadidae Echinorhynchidae->Sebastidae Echinorhynchidae->Mustelidae Echinorhynchidae->Clupeidae Echinorhynchidae->Liparidae Echinorhynchidae->Catostomidae Echinorhynchidae->Zoarcidae Osmeridae Osmeridae Echinorhynchidae->Osmeridae Echinostomatidae Echinostomatidae Echinostomatidae->Sciaenidae Echinostomatidae->Recurvirostridae Echinostomatidae->Anatidae Echinostomatidae->Phasianidae Echinostomatidae->Rallidae Echinostomatidae->Scolopacidae Echinostomatidae->Podicipedidae Echinostomatidae->Accipitridae Echinostomatidae->Ardeidae Echinostomatidae->Ciconiidae Echinostomatidae->Phalacrocoracidae Echinostomatidae->Procyonidae Echinostomatidae->Corvidae Echinostomatidae->Cricetidae Echinostomatidae->Mustelidae Echinostomatidae->Charadriidae Echinostomatidae->Icteridae Echinostomatidae->Turdidae Echinostomatidae->Threskiornithidae Echinostomatidae->Planorbidae Myocastoridae Myocastoridae Echinostomatidae->Myocastoridae Physidae Physidae Echinostomatidae->Physidae Eimeriidae Eimeriidae Eimeriidae->Phasianidae Eimeriidae->Lacertidae Eimeriidae->Canidae Eimeriidae->Sciuridae Eimeriidae->Mustelidae Eimeriidae->Leporidae Emprostiotrematidae Emprostiotrematidae Emprostiotrematidae->Siganidae Emprostiotrematidae->Lethrinidae Chanidae Chanidae Emprostiotrematidae->Chanidae Scaridae Scaridae Emprostiotrematidae->Scaridae Encyclometridae Encyclometridae Encyclometridae->Ictaluridae Enderleinellidae Enderleinellidae Enderleinellidae->Didelphidae Enderleinellidae->Sciuridae Enenteridae Enenteridae Enenteridae->Kyphosidae Nototheniidae Nototheniidae Enenteridae->Nototheniidae Entamoebidae Entamoebidae Entamoebidae->Lacertidae Entamoebidae->Teiidae Anguidae Anguidae Entamoebidae->Anguidae Crotaphytidae Crotaphytidae Entamoebidae->Crotaphytidae Eublepharidae Eublepharidae Entamoebidae->Eublepharidae Iguanidae Iguanidae Entamoebidae->Iguanidae Phrynosomatidae Phrynosomatidae Entamoebidae->Phrynosomatidae Xantusiidae Xantusiidae Entamoebidae->Xantusiidae Epistylididae Epistylididae Epistylididae->Cottidae Ergasilidae Ergasilidae Ergasilidae->Cottidae Ergasilidae->Centrarchidae Ergasilidae->Ictaluridae Ergasilidae->Percidae Ergasilidae->Pimelodidae Ergasilidae->Bryconidae Tetraodontidae Tetraodontidae Ergasilidae->Tetraodontidae Eriocaulaceae Eriocaulaceae Carabidae Carabidae Eriocaulaceae->Carabidae Eucotylidae Eucotylidae Eucotylidae->Anatidae Eucotylidae->Scolopacidae Eucotylidae->Charadriidae Eutetrarhynchidae Eutetrarhynchidae Eutetrarhynchidae->Dasyatidae Fasciolidae Fasciolidae Fasciolidae->Bovidae Fasciolidae->Cervidae Lymnaeidae Lymnaeidae Fasciolidae->Lymnaeidae Faustulidae Faustulidae Faustulidae->Macrouridae Faustulidae->Clupeidae Faustulidae->Pomacanthidae Scatophagidae Scatophagidae Faustulidae->Scatophagidae Fellodistomidae Fellodistomidae Fellodistomidae->Carangidae Fellodistomidae->Lutjanidae Fellodistomidae->Phycidae Fellodistomidae->Pleuronectidae Fellodistomidae->Sciaenidae Fellodistomidae->Serranidae Fellodistomidae->Sparidae Fellodistomidae->Macrouridae Fellodistomidae->Acanthuridae Fellodistomidae->Labridae Fellodistomidae->Priacanthidae Fellodistomidae->Scombridae Fellodistomidae->Lethrinidae Fellodistomidae->Ophidiidae Fellodistomidae->Terapontidae Fellodistomidae->Nototheniidae Alepocephalidae Alepocephalidae Fellodistomidae->Alepocephalidae Bothidae Bothidae Fellodistomidae->Bothidae Bythitidae Bythitidae Fellodistomidae->Bythitidae Hemiramphidae Hemiramphidae Fellodistomidae->Hemiramphidae Pinguipedidae Pinguipedidae Fellodistomidae->Pinguipedidae Synaphobranchidae Synaphobranchidae Fellodistomidae->Synaphobranchidae Fessisentidae Fessisentidae Fessisentidae->Anguillidae Fessisentidae->Amiidae Fessisentidae->Centrarchidae Fessisentidae->Cyprinidae Fessisentidae->Ictaluridae Fessisentidae->Percidae Fessisentidae->Plethodontidae Fessisentidae->Esocidae Fessisentidae->Fundulidae Fessisentidae->Ambystomatidae Fessisentidae->Catostomidae Asellidae Asellidae Fessisentidae->Asellidae Fissurellidae Fissurellidae Fissurellidae->Siganidae Gastrocotylidae Gastrocotylidae Gastrocotylidae->Carangidae Gastrolecithidae Gastrolecithidae Cetorhinidae Cetorhinidae Gastrolecithidae->Cetorhinidae Lamnidae Lamnidae Gastrolecithidae->Lamnidae Gentianaceae Gentianaceae Gentianaceae->Catostomidae Giganthorhynchidae Giganthorhynchidae Giganthorhynchidae->Phasianidae Giganthorhynchidae->Scolopacidae Giganthorhynchidae->Picidae Giganthorhynchidae->Corvidae Giganthorhynchidae->Hirundinidae Giganthorhynchidae->Charadriidae Giganthorhynchidae->Icteridae Giganthorhynchidae->Muridae Giganthorhynchidae->Muscicapidae Giganthorhynchidae->Sturnidae Giganthorhynchidae->Turdidae Giganthorhynchidae->Alaudidae Giganthorhynchidae->Burhinidae Giganthorhynchidae->Passerellidae Giganthorhynchidae->Passeridae Giganthorhynchidae->Motacillidae Glareolidae Glareolidae Giganthorhynchidae->Glareolidae Myrmecophagidae Myrmecophagidae Giganthorhynchidae->Myrmecophagidae Gliricolidae Gliricolidae Caviidae Caviidae Gliricolidae->Caviidae Gloiosiphoniaceae Gloiosiphoniaceae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Anatidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Phasianidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Cyprinidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Accipitridae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Procyonidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Didelphidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Odontophoridae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Mustelidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Strigidae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Muridae Gloiosiphoniaceae->Cardinalidae Glypthelminthidae Glypthelminthidae Glypthelminthidae->Hylidae Glypthelminthidae->Ranidae Gnathostomatidae Gnathostomatidae Gnathostomatidae->Felidae Gnathostomatidae->Cichlidae Gnathostomatidae->Accipitridae Gnathostomatidae->Phalacrocoracidae Gnathostomatidae->Procyonidae Gnathostomatidae->Emydidae Gnathostomatidae->Potamotrygonidae Gongylonematidae Gongylonematidae Gongylonematidae->Bovidae Gongylonematidae->Cervidae Gongylonematidae->Cricetidae Gongylonematidae->Muridae Gonocercidae Gonocercidae Gonocercidae->Phycidae Gonocercidae->Pleuronectidae Gonocercidae->Scorpaenidae Gonocercidae->Macrouridae Gonocercidae->Merlucciidae Gonocercidae->Synodontidae Gonocercidae->Lophiidae Gonocercidae->Cheilodactylidae Gonocercidae->Bythitidae Gonocercidae->Pinguipedidae Gempylidae Gempylidae Gonocercidae->Gempylidae Latridae Latridae Gonocercidae->Latridae Gorgoderidae Gorgoderidae Gorgoderidae->Myliobatidae Gorgoderidae->Carangidae Gorgoderidae->Serranidae Gorgoderidae->Tyrannidae Gorgoderidae->Bufonidae Gorgoderidae->Ictaluridae Gorgoderidae->Percidae Gorgoderidae->Ranidae Gorgoderidae->Dasyatidae Gorgoderidae->Cheloniidae Gorgoderidae->Pipridae Gorgoderidae->Thamnophilidae Gorgoderidae->Rhinobatidae Carcharhinidae Carcharhinidae Gorgoderidae->Carcharhinidae Halosauridae Halosauridae Gorgoderidae->Halosauridae Sirenidae Sirenidae Gorgoderidae->Sirenidae Gryporhynchidae Gryporhynchidae Gryporhynchidae->Gaviidae Gryporhynchidae->Phalacrocoracidae Gryporhynchidae->Corvidae Gryporhynchidae->Threskiornithidae Gyliauchenidae Gyliauchenidae Gyliauchenidae->Siganidae Gyliauchenidae->Scaridae Gymnophallidae Gymnophallidae Gymnophallidae->Anatidae Gymnophallidae->Gaviidae Gymnophallidae->Scolopacidae Gymnophallidae->Laridae Cyrenidae Cyrenidae Gymnophallidae->Cyrenidae Haematopodidae Haematopodidae Gymnophallidae->Haematopodidae Gymnorhynchidae Gymnorhynchidae Gymnorhynchidae->Sebastidae Gyrocotylidae Gyrocotylidae Gyrocotylidae->Callorhinchidae Gyrocotylidae->Chimaeridae Gyrodactylidae Gyrodactylidae Gyrodactylidae->Pleuronectidae Gyrodactylidae->Cottidae Gyrodactylidae->Salmonidae Gyrodactylidae->Centrarchidae Gyrodactylidae->Cyprinidae Gyrodactylidae->Gasterosteidae Gyrodactylidae->Ictaluridae Gyrodactylidae->Loricariidae Gyrodactylidae->Pimelodidae Gyrodactylidae->Cichlidae Gyrodactylidae->Erythrinidae Gyrodactylidae->Fundulidae Gyrodactylidae->Heptapteridae Gyrodactylidae->Atherinopsidae Gyrodactylidae->Gadidae Gyrodactylidae->Hexagrammidae Gyrodactylidae->Catostomidae Auchenipteridae Auchenipteridae Gyrodactylidae->Auchenipteridae Cyprinodontidae Cyprinodontidae Gyrodactylidae->Cyprinodontidae Embiotocidae Embiotocidae Gyrodactylidae->Embiotocidae Gobiidae Gobiidae Gyrodactylidae->Gobiidae Gyropidae Gyropidae Gyropidae->Caviidae Habronematidae Habronematidae Habronematidae->Equidae Habronematidae->Strigidae Manidae Manidae Habronematidae->Manidae Haematoloechidae Haematoloechidae Haematoloechidae->Bufonidae Haematoloechidae->Dicroglossidae Haematoloechidae->Hylidae Haematoloechidae->Ranidae Haematoloechidae->Sirenidae Haematopinidae Haematopinidae Haematopinidae->Equidae Haematopinidae->Suidae Haematopinidae->Hominidae Haemogregarinidae Haemogregarinidae Haemogregarinidae->Bufonidae Haemogregarinidae->Chelydridae Haemogregarinidae->Pyxicephalidae Haemogregarinidae->Agamidae Haemogregarinidae->Gekkonidae Haemogregarinidae->Lacertidae Haemogregarinidae->Leptodactylidae Haemogregarinidae->Ranidae Haemogregarinidae->Scincidae Haemogregarinidae->Procyonidae Haemogregarinidae->Trionychidae Haemogregarinidae->Testudinidae Haemogregarinidae->Viperidae Haemogregarinidae->Emydidae Haemogregarinidae->Colubridae Haemogregarinidae->Teiidae Haemogregarinidae->Chamaeleonidae Haemogregarinidae->Anguidae Haemogregarinidae->Iguanidae Haemogregarinidae->Phrynosomatidae Boidae Boidae Haemogregarinidae->Boidae Cordylidae Cordylidae Haemogregarinidae->Cordylidae Corytophanidae Corytophanidae Haemogregarinidae->Corytophanidae Culicidae Culicidae Haemogregarinidae->Culicidae Dactyloidae Dactyloidae Haemogregarinidae->Dactyloidae Diplodactylidae Diplodactylidae Haemogregarinidae->Diplodactylidae Elapidae Elapidae Haemogregarinidae->Elapidae Helodermatidae Helodermatidae Haemogregarinidae->Helodermatidae Hyperoliidae Hyperoliidae Haemogregarinidae->Hyperoliidae Ixodidae Ixodidae Haemogregarinidae->Ixodidae Kinosternidae Kinosternidae Haemogregarinidae->Kinosternidae Leiocephalidae Leiocephalidae Haemogregarinidae->Leiocephalidae Loxocemidae Loxocemidae Haemogregarinidae->Loxocemidae Phyllodactylidae Phyllodactylidae Haemogregarinidae->Phyllodactylidae Psammophiidae Psammophiidae Haemogregarinidae->Psammophiidae Pythonidae Pythonidae Haemogregarinidae->Pythonidae Rhacophoridae Rhacophoridae Haemogregarinidae->Rhacophoridae Sphaerodactylidae Sphaerodactylidae Haemogregarinidae->Sphaerodactylidae Tropiduridae Tropiduridae Haemogregarinidae->Tropiduridae Varanidae Varanidae Haemogregarinidae->Varanidae Ixodidae->Phasianidae Ixodidae->Scolopacidae Ixodidae->Tyrannidae Ixodidae->Bufonidae Ixodidae->Chelydridae Ixodidae->Vespertilionidae Ixodidae->Picidae Ixodidae->Scincidae Ixodidae->Laridae Ixodidae->Procellariidae Ixodidae->Sulidae Ixodidae->Bovidae Ixodidae->Canidae Ixodidae->Felidae Ixodidae->Viverridae Ixodidae->Accipitridae Ixodidae->Ardeidae Ixodidae->Phalacrocoracidae Ixodidae->Procyonidae Ixodidae->Parulidae Ixodidae->Cathartidae Ixodidae->Cervidae Ixodidae->Cricetidae Ixodidae->Didelphidae Ixodidae->Diomedeidae Ixodidae->Hirundinidae Ixodidae->Odontophoridae Ixodidae->Sciuridae Ixodidae->Testudinidae Ixodidae->Equidae Ixodidae->Geomyidae Ixodidae->Mephitidae Ixodidae->Mustelidae Ixodidae->Strigidae Ixodidae->Suidae Ixodidae->Ursidae Ixodidae->Viperidae Ixodidae->Emydidae Ixodidae->Erinaceidae Ixodidae->Icteridae Ixodidae->Muridae Ixodidae->Soricidae Ixodidae->Turdidae Ixodidae->Geoemydidae Ixodidae->Dipodidae Ixodidae->Macropodidae Ixodidae->Colubridae Ixodidae->Cuculidae Ixodidae->Noctilionidae Ixodidae->Castoridae Ixodidae->Erethizontidae Ixodidae->Fringillidae Ixodidae->Heteromyidae Ixodidae->Hominidae Ixodidae->Leporidae Ixodidae->Ochotonidae Ixodidae->Passerellidae Ixodidae->Passeridae Ixodidae->Tupaiidae Ixodidae->Tapiridae Ixodidae->Aplodontiidae Ixodidae->Talpidae Ixodidae->Columbidae Ixodidae->Mimidae Ixodidae->Cardinalidae Ixodidae->Troglodytidae Ixodidae->Vireonidae Ixodidae->Anguidae Ixodidae->Iguanidae Ixodidae->Phrynosomatidae Ixodidae->Myrmecophagidae Ixodidae->Caviidae Ixodidae->Boidae Ixodidae->Elapidae Ixodidae->Varanidae Alcidae Alcidae Ixodidae->Alcidae Bradypodidae Bradypodidae Ixodidae->Bradypodidae Casuariidae Casuariidae Ixodidae->Casuariidae Dasypodidae Dasypodidae Ixodidae->Dasypodidae Orycteropodidae Orycteropodidae Ixodidae->Orycteropodidae Pelecanoididae Pelecanoididae Ixodidae->Pelecanoididae Peramelidae Peramelidae Ixodidae->Peramelidae Spheniscidae Spheniscidae Ixodidae->Spheniscidae Steatornithidae Steatornithidae Ixodidae->Steatornithidae Tachyglossidae Tachyglossidae Ixodidae->Tachyglossidae Tayassuidae Tayassuidae Ixodidae->Tayassuidae Tragulidae Tragulidae Ixodidae->Tragulidae Haemohormidiidae Haemohormidiidae Haemohormidiidae->Agamidae Haemohormidiidae->Gekkonidae Haemohormidiidae->Lacertidae Haemohormidiidae->Scincidae Haemohormidiidae->Teiidae Haemohormidiidae->Chamaeleonidae Haemohormidiidae->Iguanidae Haemohormidiidae->Cordylidae Haemohormidiidae->Corytophanidae Haemohormidiidae->Dactyloidae Haemohormidiidae->Phyllodactylidae Halarachnidae Halarachnidae Halarachnidae->Otariidae Halarachnidae->Cercopithecidae Hapalotrematidae Hapalotrematidae Hapalotrematidae->Cheloniidae Haplobothriidae Haplobothriidae Haplobothriidae->Amiidae Haplobothriidae->Centrarchidae Haploporidae Haploporidae Haploporidae->Sparidae Haploporidae->Acanthuridae Haploporidae->Anostomidae Haploporidae->Prochilodontidae Haploporidae->Kyphosidae Haploporidae->Mugilidae Haploporidae->Scaridae Haploporidae->Hemiramphidae Ephippidae Ephippidae Haploporidae->Ephippidae Haplosplanchnidae Haplosplanchnidae Haplosplanchnidae->Acanthuridae Haplosplanchnidae->Labridae Haplosplanchnidae->Kyphosidae Haplosplanchnidae->Mugilidae Haplosplanchnidae->Pomacentridae Haplosplanchnidae->Siganidae Haplosplanchnidae->Scaridae Haplosplanchnidae->Tetraodontidae Belonidae Belonidae Haplosplanchnidae->Belonidae Hartmannellidae Hartmannellidae Hartmannellidae->Lacertidae Hartmannellidae->Anguidae Hartmannellidae->Phrynosomatidae Hemiuridae Hemiuridae Hemiuridae->Balistidae Hemiuridae->Carangidae Hemiuridae->Coryphaenidae Hemiuridae->Echeneidae Hemiuridae->Haemulidae Hemiuridae->Hemitripteridae Hemiuridae->Lutjanidae Hemiuridae->Malacanthidae Hemiuridae->Moridae Hemiuridae->Moronidae Hemiuridae->Paralichthyidae Hemiuridae->Phycidae Hemiuridae->Pleuronectidae Hemiuridae->Sciaenidae Hemiuridae->Serranidae Hemiuridae->Sparidae Hemiuridae->Cottidae Hemiuridae->Salmonidae Hemiuridae->Scorpaenidae Hemiuridae->Gasterosteidae Hemiuridae->Macrouridae Hemiuridae->Acanthuridae Hemiuridae->Zanclidae Hemiuridae->Gadidae Hemiuridae->Kyphosidae Hemiuridae->Merlucciidae Hemiuridae->Mugilidae Hemiuridae->Sebastidae Hemiuridae->Clupeidae Hemiuridae->Synodontidae Hemiuridae->Congridae Hemiuridae->Hexagrammidae Hemiuridae->Lophiidae Hemiuridae->Mullidae Hemiuridae->Muraenidae Hemiuridae->Priacanthidae Hemiuridae->Scombridae Hemiuridae->Trichiuridae Hemiuridae->Liparidae Hemiuridae->Pomacentridae Hemiuridae->Pomacanthidae Hemiuridae->Lethrinidae Hemiuridae->Ophidiidae Hemiuridae->Ogcocephalidae Hemiuridae->Cyttidae Hemiuridae->Octopodidae Hemiuridae->Osmeridae Hemiuridae->Alepocephalidae Hemiuridae->Bothidae Hemiuridae->Pinguipedidae Hemiuridae->Latridae Hemiuridae->Ephippidae Antennariidae Antennariidae Hemiuridae->Antennariidae Chaunacidae Chaunacidae Hemiuridae->Chaunacidae Engraulidae Engraulidae Hemiuridae->Engraulidae Fistulariidae Fistulariidae Hemiuridae->Fistulariidae Gerreidae Gerreidae Hemiuridae->Gerreidae Holocentridae Holocentridae Hemiuridae->Holocentridae Muraenesocidae Muraenesocidae Hemiuridae->Muraenesocidae Peristediidae Peristediidae Hemiuridae->Peristediidae Platycephalidae Platycephalidae Hemiuridae->Platycephalidae Polymixiidae Polymixiidae Hemiuridae->Polymixiidae Polyprionidae Polyprionidae Hemiuridae->Polyprionidae Stromateidae Stromateidae Hemiuridae->Stromateidae Synanceiidae Synanceiidae Hemiuridae->Synanceiidae Trichodontidae Trichodontidae Hemiuridae->Trichodontidae Triglidae Triglidae Hemiuridae->Triglidae Heronimidae Heronimidae Heronimidae->Chelydridae Heronimidae->Emydidae Heteracanthocephalidae Heteracanthocephalidae Heteracanthocephalidae->Nototheniidae Heterakidae Heterakidae Heterakidae->Anatidae Heterakidae->Phasianidae Heterakidae->Odontophoridae Heterakidae->Muridae Heteraxinidae Heteraxinidae Heteraxinidae->Carangidae Heteraxinidae->Atherinopsidae Heteraxinidae->Scombridae Heteraxinidae->Embiotocidae Heterophyidae Heterophyidae Heterophyidae->Recurvirostridae Heterophyidae->Salmonidae Heterophyidae->Gaviidae Heterophyidae->Laridae Heterophyidae->Canidae Heterophyidae->Accipitridae Heterophyidae->Ardeidae Heterophyidae->Ciconiidae Heterophyidae->Pandionidae Heterophyidae->Pelecanidae Heterophyidae->Procyonidae Heterophyidae->Mugilidae Heterophyidae->Cathartidae Heterophyidae->Geomyidae Heterophyidae->Mustelidae Chelidae Chelidae Heterophyidae->Chelidae Heterophyidae->Fregatidae Potamididae Potamididae Heterophyidae->Potamididae Heterorhabditidae Heterorhabditidae Scarabaeidae Scarabaeidae Heterorhabditidae->Scarabaeidae Scarabaeidae->Scolopacidae Heteroxynematidae Heteroxynematidae Heteroxynematidae->Cricetidae Heteroxynematidae->Sciuridae Heteroxynematidae->Muridae Heteroxynematidae->Leporidae Heteroxynematidae->Ochotonidae Hexabothriidae Hexabothriidae Hexabothriidae->Rajidae Hexabothriidae->Dasyatidae Hexabothriidae->Triakidae Hexabothriidae->Callorhinchidae Hexabothriidae->Rhinobatidae Hexabothriidae->Carcharhinidae Sphyrnidae Sphyrnidae Hexabothriidae->Sphyrnidae Squalidae Squalidae Hexabothriidae->Squalidae Hexostomatidae Hexostomatidae Hexostomatidae->Scombridae Himasthlidae Himasthlidae Himasthlidae->Gaviidae Himasthlidae->Scolopacidae Himasthlidae->Laridae Hirudinellidae Hirudinellidae Hirudinellidae->Coryphaenidae Hirudinellidae->Scombridae Hirudinellidae->Istiophoridae Hirudinellidae->Tetraodontidae Lampridae Lampridae Hirudinellidae->Lampridae Hoplopleuridae Hoplopleuridae Hoplopleuridae->Cricetidae Hoplopleuridae->Sciuridae Hoplopleuridae->Muridae Hoplopleuridae->Heteromyidae Hoplopleuridae->Talpidae Hoplopleuridae->Caviidae Hymenolepididae Hymenolepididae Hymenolepididae->Recurvirostridae Hymenolepididae->Anatidae Hymenolepididae->Rallidae Hymenolepididae->Scolopacidae Hymenolepididae->Laridae Hymenolepididae->Charadriidae Hymenolepididae->Haematopodidae Hystrichopsyllidae Hystrichopsyllidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Cricetidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Sciuridae Hystrichopsyllidae->Mustelidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Soricidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Leporidae Hystrichopsyllidae->Aplodontiidae Illiosentidae Illiosentidae Illiosentidae->Carangidae Illiosentidae->Haemulidae Illiosentidae->Sciaenidae Illiosentidae->Sparidae Illiosentidae->Atherinopsidae Illiosentidae->Dasyatidae Illiosentidae->Albulidae Illiosentidae->Polynemidae Illiosentidae->Belonidae Illiosentidae->Gerreidae Iridaceae Iridaceae Iridaceae->Equidae Ischnopsyllidae Ischnopsyllidae Ischnopsyllidae->Vespertilionidae Ischnopsyllidae->Cricetidae Ischnopsyllidae->Hirundinidae Ischnopsyllidae->Molossidae Ischnopsyllidae->Pteropodidae Ischnopsyllidae->Ochotonidae Ischnopsyllidae->Phyllostomidae Rhinopomatidae Rhinopomatidae Ischnopsyllidae->Rhinopomatidae Isoparorchiidae Isoparorchiidae Isoparorchiidae->Plotosidae Karyolysidae Karyolysidae Karyolysidae->Scincidae Karyolysidae->Iguanidae Lacistorhynchidae Lacistorhynchidae Lacistorhynchidae->Myliobatidae Lacistorhynchidae->Paralichthyidae Lacistorhynchidae->Sciaenidae Lacistorhynchidae->Triakidae Lacistorhynchidae->Carcharhinidae Diodontidae Diodontidae Lacistorhynchidae->Diodontidae Laelapidae Laelapidae Laelapidae->Cricetidae Laelapidae->Caviidae Laemobothriidae Laemobothriidae Laemobothriidae->Accipitridae Laemobothriidae->Cathartidae Laemobothriidae->Columbidae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae->Emydidae Lankesterellidae Lankesterellidae Lankesterellidae->Bufonidae Lankesterellidae->Agamidae Lankesterellidae->Gekkonidae Lankesterellidae->Hylidae Lankesterellidae->Lacertidae Lankesterellidae->Leptodactylidae Lankesterellidae->Ranidae Lankesterellidae->Scincidae Lankesterellidae->Crotaphytidae Lankesterellidae->Iguanidae Lankesterellidae->Phrynosomatidae Lankesterellidae->Cordylidae Lankesterellidae->Corytophanidae Lankesterellidae->Dactyloidae Gymnophthalmidae Gymnophthalmidae Lankesterellidae->Gymnophthalmidae Lecanicephalidae Lecanicephalidae Lecanicephalidae->Dasyatidae Lecithasteridae Lecithasteridae Lecithasteridae->Haemulidae Lecithasteridae->Lutjanidae Lecithasteridae->Sciaenidae Lecithasteridae->Serranidae Lecithasteridae->Sparidae Lecithasteridae->Cottidae Lecithasteridae->Salmonidae Lecithasteridae->Gasterosteidae Lecithasteridae->Acanthuridae Lecithasteridae->Chaetodontidae Lecithasteridae->Atherinopsidae Lecithasteridae->Mugilidae Lecithasteridae->Sebastidae Lecithasteridae->Clupeidae Lecithasteridae->Batrachoididae Lecithasteridae->Osmeridae Lecithasteridae->Alepocephalidae Lecithasteridae->Ephippidae Lecithasteridae->Belonidae Nemipteridae Nemipteridae Lecithasteridae->Nemipteridae Lecithodendriidae Lecithodendriidae Lecithodendriidae->Vespertilionidae Lecithodendriidae->Ranidae Lecithodendriidae->Molossidae Lecithodendriidae->Strigidae Lecithodendriidae->Colubridae Lecithodendriidae->Kinosternidae Lecithodendriidae->Caprimulgidae Lecithodendriidae->Phyllostomidae Lecithodendriidae->Trochilidae Lecudinidae Lecudinidae Terebellidae Terebellidae Lecudinidae->Terebellidae Leiodidae Leiodidae Leiodidae->Soricidae Leiodidae->Castoridae Lepidapedidae Lepidapedidae Lepidapedidae->Moridae Lepidapedidae->Phycidae Lepidapedidae->Pleuronectidae Lepidapedidae->Sparidae Lepidapedidae->Macrouridae Lepidapedidae->Labridae Lepidapedidae->Gadidae Lepidapedidae->Sebastidae Lepidapedidae->Embiotocidae Lepidapedidae->Polyprionidae Lepocreadiidae Lepocreadiidae Lepocreadiidae->Balistidae Lepocreadiidae->Carangidae Lepocreadiidae->Lutjanidae Lepocreadiidae->Malacanthidae Lepocreadiidae->Monacanthidae Lepocreadiidae->Moronidae Lepocreadiidae->Ostraciidae Lepocreadiidae->Pleuronectidae Lepocreadiidae->Serranidae Lepocreadiidae->Sparidae Lepocreadiidae->Molidae Lepocreadiidae->Cottidae Lepocreadiidae->Macrouridae Lepocreadiidae->Acanthuridae Lepocreadiidae->Chaetodontidae Lepocreadiidae->Labridae Lepocreadiidae->Atherinopsidae Lepocreadiidae->Corynidae Lepocreadiidae->Kyphosidae Lepocreadiidae->Sebastidae Lepocreadiidae->Cynoglossidae Lepocreadiidae->Pomatomidae Lepocreadiidae->Scombridae Lepocreadiidae->Pomacentridae Lepocreadiidae->Batrachoididae Lepocreadiidae->Tetraodontidae Lepocreadiidae->Latridae Lepocreadiidae->Ephippidae Lepocreadiidae->Belonidae Lepocreadiidae->Holocentridae Lepocreadiidae->Diodontidae Hydrophilidae Hydrophilidae Lepocreadiidae->Hydrophilidae Lepocreadioidea incertae sedis Lepocreadioidea incertae sedis Lepocreadioidea incertae sedis->Cheilodactylidae Leptopsyllidae Leptopsyllidae Leptopsyllidae->Canidae Leptopsyllidae->Felidae Leptopsyllidae->Corvidae Leptopsyllidae->Cricetidae Leptopsyllidae->Didelphidae Leptopsyllidae->Sciuridae Leptopsyllidae->Mustelidae Leptopsyllidae->Muridae Leptopsyllidae->Soricidae Leptopsyllidae->Dipodidae Leptopsyllidae->Heteromyidae Leptopsyllidae->Leporidae Leptopsyllidae->Ochotonidae Leptopsyllidae->Aplodontiidae Lernaeidae Lernaeidae Lernaeidae->Centrarchidae Lernaeidae->Cyprinidae Lernaeopodidae Lernaeopodidae Lernaeopodidae->Paralichthyidae Lernaeopodidae->Rajidae Lernaeopodidae->Salmonidae Lernaeopodidae->Centrarchidae Lernaeopodidae->Ictaluridae Lernaeopodidae->Gadidae Leucochloridiidae Leucochloridiidae Leucochloridiidae->Scolopacidae Gastrocoptidae Gastrocoptidae Leucochloridiidae->Gastrocoptidae Succineidae Succineidae Leucochloridiidae->Succineidae Linognathidae Linognathidae Linognathidae->Bovidae Linognathidae->Canidae Linognathidae->Cervidae Liolopidae Liolopidae Liolopidae->Alligatoridae Lipotrophidae Lipotrophidae Lipotrophidae->Lacertidae Lipotrophidae->Canidae Lipotrophidae->Cervidae Lipotrophidae->Sciuridae Lipotrophidae->Mephitidae Lipotrophidae->Mustelidae Lissorchiidae Lissorchiidae Lissorchiidae->Catostomidae Listrophoridae Listrophoridae Listrophoridae->Cricetidae Listrophoridae->Geomyidae Lytocestidae Lytocestidae Lytocestidae->Cyprinidae Lytocestidae->Clariidae Macroderoididae Macroderoididae Macroderoididae->Amiidae Macroderoididae->Hylidae Macroderoididae->Leptodactylidae Macronyssidae Macronyssidae Macronyssidae->Phasianidae Macronyssidae->Vespertilionidae Macronyssidae->Picidae Macronyssidae->Procyonidae Macronyssidae->Corvidae Macronyssidae->Cricetidae Macronyssidae->Molossidae Macronyssidae->Icteridae Macronyssidae->Muridae Macronyssidae->Soricidae Macronyssidae->Turdidae Macronyssidae->Dipodidae Macronyssidae->Hominidae Macronyssidae->Passerellidae Macronyssidae->Passeridae Macronyssidae->Mimidae Macronyssidae->Phyllostomidae Anhingidae Anhingidae Macronyssidae->Anhingidae Macrovalvitrematidae Macrovalvitrematidae Macrovalvitrematidae->Paralichthyidae Macrovalvitrematidae->Sciaenidae Malacopsyllidae Malacopsyllidae Malacopsyllidae->Canidae Malacopsyllidae->Dasypodidae Malvaceae Malvaceae Malvaceae->Ranidae Mazocraeidae Mazocraeidae Mazocraeidae->Clupeidae Mazocraeidae->Scombridae Megaperidae Megaperidae Megaperidae->Balistidae Megaperidae->Haemulidae Megaperidae->Malacanthidae Megaperidae->Monacanthidae Megaperidae->Ostraciidae Megaperidae->Pleuronectidae Megaperidae->Sciaenidae Megaperidae->Serranidae Megaperidae->Centrarchidae Megaperidae->Cichlidae Megaperidae->Fundulidae Megaperidae->Zanclidae Megaperidae->Scaridae Megaperidae->Tetraodontidae Megaperidae->Pinguipedidae Megaperidae->Gerreidae Labrisomidae Labrisomidae Megaperidae->Labrisomidae Meloidogynidae Meloidogynidae Solanaceae Solanaceae Meloidogynidae->Solanaceae Menoponidae Menoponidae Menoponidae->Phasianidae Menoponidae->Cathartidae Menoponidae->Corvidae Menoponidae->Odontophoridae Menoponidae->Icteridae Menoponidae->Falconidae Menoponidae->Cuculidae Menoponidae->Apodidae Menoponidae->Columbidae Menoponidae->Thamnophilidae Psittacidae Psittacidae Menoponidae->Psittacidae Mermithidae Mermithidae Acrididae Acrididae Mermithidae->Acrididae Mesocoeliidae Mesocoeliidae Mesocoeliidae->Bufonidae Mesocoeliidae->Ranidae Mesocoeliidae->Colubridae Mesocoeliidae->Cardinalidae Mesocoeliidae->Corytophanidae Mesocoeliidae->Caprimulgidae Eleutherodactylidae Eleutherodactylidae Mesocoeliidae->Eleutherodactylidae Hynobiidae Hynobiidae Mesocoeliidae->Hynobiidae Mesometridae Mesometridae Mesometridae->Acanthuridae Metastrongylidae Metastrongylidae Metastrongylidae->Bovidae Metastrongylidae->Canidae Metastrongylidae->Cervidae Metastrongylidae->Suidae Microcotylidae Microcotylidae Microcotylidae->Lutjanidae Microcotylidae->Malacanthidae Microcotylidae->Moronidae Microcotylidae->Sciaenidae Microcotylidae->Kyphosidae Microcotylidae->Mugilidae Microcotylidae->Sebastidae Microcotylidae->Hexagrammidae Microphallidae Microphallidae Microphallidae->Anatidae Microphallidae->Gaviidae Microphallidae->Rallidae Microphallidae->Scolopacidae Microphallidae->Amiidae Microphallidae->Ictaluridae Microphallidae->Scincidae Microphallidae->Laridae Microphallidae->Procyonidae Microphallidae->Cricetidae Microphallidae->Didelphidae Microphallidae->Mustelidae Microphallidae->Charadriidae Microphallidae->Muridae Microphallidae->Turdidae Microphallidae->Cambaridae Microphallidae->Fringillidae Microphallidae->Haematopodidae Hippidae Hippidae Microphallidae->Hippidae Rissoidae Rissoidae Microphallidae->Rissoidae Sphaeromatidae Sphaeromatidae Microphallidae->Sphaeromatidae Varunidae Varunidae Microphallidae->Varunidae Microscaphidiidae Microscaphidiidae Microscaphidiidae->Cheloniidae Microscaphidiidae->Emydidae Microscaphidiidae->Siganidae Microscaphidiidae->Pomacanthidae Molineidae Molineidae Molineidae->Dicroglossidae Molineidae->Hylidae Molineidae->Lacertidae Molineidae->Bovidae Molineidae->Procyonidae Molineidae->Cervidae Molineidae->Mustelidae Molineidae->Leporidae Monhysteridae Monhysteridae Monhysteridae->Curculionidae Moniliformidae Moniliformidae Moniliformidae->Cricetidae Moniliformidae->Sciuridae Moniliformidae->Geomyidae Moniliformidae->Muridae Moniliformidae->Tupaiidae Monocotylidae Monocotylidae Monocotylidae->Myliobatidae Monocotylidae->Rajidae Monocotylidae->Dasyatidae Monocotylidae->Rhinobatidae Mononchidae Mononchidae Mononchidae->Curculionidae Monorchiidae Monorchiidae Monorchiidae->Carangidae Monorchiidae->Haemulidae Monorchiidae->Sciaenidae Monorchiidae->Serranidae Monorchiidae->Sparidae Monorchiidae->Chaetodontidae Monorchiidae->Fundulidae Monorchiidae->Atherinopsidae Monorchiidae->Procyonidae Monorchiidae->Kyphosidae Monorchiidae->Mugilidae Monorchiidae->Mustelidae Monorchiidae->Synodontidae Monorchiidae->Albulidae Monorchiidae->Mullidae Monorchiidae->Tetraodontidae Monorchiidae->Embiotocidae Monorchiidae->Gerreidae Multicalycidae Multicalycidae Multicalycidae->Callorhinchidae Multicalycidae->Chimaeridae Mycoplasmataceae Mycoplasmataceae Mycoplasmataceae->Scincidae Nematotaeniidae Nematotaeniidae Nematotaeniidae->Bufonidae Nematotaeniidae->Hylidae Nematotaeniidae->Ranidae Neocalceostomatidae Neocalceostomatidae Ariidae Ariidae Neocalceostomatidae->Ariidae Neoechinorhynchidae Neoechinorhynchidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Moronidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Sciaenidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Salmonidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Anguillidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Amiidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Centrarchidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Cyprinidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Gasterosteidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Ictaluridae Neoechinorhynchidae->Percidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Loricariidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Cichlidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Esocidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Fundulidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Poeciliidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Serrasalmidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Trionychidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Gadidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Mugilidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Emydidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Clupeidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Catostomidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Umbridae Neoechinorhynchidae->Cyprinodontidae Neoechinorhynchidae->Gobiidae Neotylenchidae Neotylenchidae Neotylenchidae->Curculionidae Nippotaeniidae Nippotaeniidae Eleotridae Eleotridae Nippotaeniidae->Eleotridae Notocotylidae Notocotylidae Notocotylidae->Recurvirostridae Notocotylidae->Anatidae Notocotylidae->Phasianidae Notocotylidae->Rallidae Notocotylidae->Scolopacidae Notocotylidae->Cricetidae Notocotylidae->Dipodidae Notodontidae Notodontidae Notodontidae->Colubridae Nudacotylidae Nudacotylidae Nudacotylidae->Leporidae Trichechidae Trichechidae Nudacotylidae->Trichechidae Nyctotheridae Nyctotheridae Nyctotheridae->Hylidae Nyctotheridae->Xantusiidae Octomacridae Octomacridae Octomacridae->Cyprinidae Octomacridae->Catostomidae Oestridae Oestridae Oestridae->Vespertilionidae Oestridae->Bovidae Oestridae->Cricetidae Oestridae->Didelphidae Oestridae->Viperidae Oestridae->Leporidae Oestridae->Phyllostomidae Oligacanthorhynchidae Oligacanthorhynchidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Canidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Felidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Procyonidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Cathartidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Didelphidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Mephitidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Mustelidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Suidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Ursidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Erinaceidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Muridae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Colubridae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Threskiornithidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Dasypodidae Cebidae Cebidae Oligacanthorhynchidae->Cebidae Onchobothriidae Onchobothriidae Onchobothriidae->Myliobatidae Onchobothriidae->Rajidae Onchobothriidae->Dasyatidae Onchobothriidae->Urotrygonidae Onchobothriidae->Potamotrygonidae Onchobothriidae->Rhinobatidae Onchobothriidae->Carcharhinidae Narcinidae Narcinidae Onchobothriidae->Narcinidae Urolophidae Urolophidae Onchobothriidae->Urolophidae Onchocercidae Onchocercidae Onchocercidae->Bovidae Onchocercidae->Canidae Onchocercidae->Viverridae Onchocercidae->Hirundinidae Onchocercidae->Equidae Onchocercidae->Geomyidae Onchocercidae->Cebidae Oocystaceae Oocystaceae Oocystaceae->Scombridae Opecoelidae Opecoelidae Opecoelidae->Balistidae Opecoelidae->Carangidae Opecoelidae->Haemulidae Opecoelidae->Hemitripteridae Opecoelidae->Lutjanidae Opecoelidae->Moridae Opecoelidae->Moronidae Opecoelidae->Paralichthyidae Opecoelidae->Phycidae Opecoelidae->Pleuronectidae Opecoelidae->Sciaenidae Opecoelidae->Serranidae Opecoelidae->Sparidae Opecoelidae->Cottidae Opecoelidae->Percichthyidae Opecoelidae->Scorpaenidae Opecoelidae->Cyprinidae Opecoelidae->Gasterosteidae Opecoelidae->Macrouridae Opecoelidae->Chaetodontidae Opecoelidae->Fundulidae Opecoelidae->Labridae Opecoelidae->Gadidae Opecoelidae->Kyphosidae Opecoelidae->Sebastidae Opecoelidae->Plotosidae Opecoelidae->Hexagrammidae Opecoelidae->Mullidae Opecoelidae->Muraenidae Opecoelidae->Polynemidae Opecoelidae->Pomatomidae Opecoelidae->Priacanthidae Opecoelidae->Stichaeidae Opecoelidae->Catostomidae Opecoelidae->Lethrinidae Opecoelidae->Ophidiidae Opecoelidae->Terapontidae Opecoelidae->Cyttidae Opecoelidae->Zoarcidae Opecoelidae->Tetraodontidae